Jean Henri Dunant

Dunant, Jean Henri

 

Born May 8, 1828, in Geneva; died Oct. 30, 1910, in Heiden, Appenzell Canton. Swiss public figure and writer; founder of the International Red Cross.

In 1859, Dunant organized help to the wounded in the battle of Solferino during the Austro-Sardinian War of 1859 (in Russian, the Austro-Italo-French War of 1859). In Un Souvenir de Solférino, published in 1862, he proposed the creation of an international society to help war casualties. A conference called in Geneva in 1863 upon Dunant’s initiative founded the International Red Cross. Dunant won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.

WORKS

Un Souvenir de Solférino. Geneva, 1862.
Fraternité et charité internationales en temps de guerre. [Paris] 1864.
L’Esclavage chez les musulmans et aux Etats Unis de l’Amérique. Geneva, 1863.
La Rénovation de l’Orient. Geneva, 1865.

REFERENCES

Sachse, W. Henri Dunant. Berlin, 1959.
Libby, V. K. Henry Dunant: Prophet of Peace. New York, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
1828: Jean Henri Dunant, philanthropist and founder of the International Red Cross, was born in Geneva.
On the occasion, let us also spare a thought and pay our tributes to Jean Henri Dunant, the great social activist, for pioneering the idea of establishing an organization dedicated to alleviating the sufferings of people" he maintained.
TODAY WORLD CROSS CRESCENT 1828: Jean Henri Dunant, philanthropist and founder of the International Red Cross, was born in Geneva.
1859 Jean Henri Dunant witnessed sucering on the battle-beld at Solferino.
1859: Jean Henri Dunant witnessed suffering on a battlefield - leading him to found the International Red Cross.
The first was jointly awarded in 1901 to Jean Henri Dunant, founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and Frederic Passy, founder of the first French peace society.
He paid tribute to Jean Henri Dunant, the great social activist, for pioneering the idea of establishing an organization dedicated to alleviating the sufferings of people regardless of considerations of national boundaries, race, or religion etc.
Among the winners were Red Cross founder Jean Henri Dunant of Switzerland, and Wilhelm Roentgen of Germany for his discovery of X-rays.