Jean Moréas

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Moréas, Jean

 

(pseudonym of lannis Papadiamantopoulos). Born Apr. 15, 1856, in Athens; died Mar. 30, 1910, in St. Mandé (Paris), department of Seine. French poet of Greek origin.

In 1882, Moréas settled in Paris. His first collections of poetry in French, Les Syrtes (1884) and Les Cantilenes (1886), were written in the symbolist style. Moreas was the first to use the term “symbolism” and his “Symbolist Manifesto” (1886) expounded the principles of this new literary movement. Later, in 1891, he founded the ecole romane, which was the first manifestation of neoclassicism in French modernist poetry. Moreas appealed for a return to “French lucidity,” which had been abandoned by the symbolists; as models he proposed the poetry of the Pleiade and 17th-century French poetry. Moreas’ most important work is his seven books of Stances (1899–1901; seventh book published 1920).

WORKS

In Russian translation: [Verse.] In I. Tkhorzhevskii, Tristia, St. Petersburg, 1906. [Verse.] In V. Briusov, Poln. sobr. soch. i perevodov, vol. 21. St. Petersburg, 1913. [Verse.] In I. Ehrenburg, Ten’derev’ev. Moscow, 1969. [Verse.] In B. Livshits, U nochnogo okna. Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Rykova, N. la. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literature. Leningrad, 1939.
Embiricos, A. Les Etapes de J. Moréas. Lausanne, 1948.

M. V. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Il est en realite l'oeuvre de Paul Adam, qui avait lui-meme cree ce personnage avec Jean Moreas, quelques annees plus tot.
Dictionnaire onomastique du Paris litteraire et artistique, cet ouvrage intitule Petit bottin des lettres et des arts est en realite l'oeuvre de Felix Feneon, Jean Moreas, Oscar Metenier et Paul Adam.
But it was Jean Moreas (1856-1910) who became his first major inspiration and indeed a literary figure he could identify with.
Sus amistades con Jean Moreas, Charles Morice, Austin de Croze, Remy de Gourmont, Paul Fort, Aurelien Lugne, Poe o Henry de Groux incidieron fuertemente en su creacion literaria; sin embargo, los criticos y biografos no han profundizado mucho en ellas.
On the 14th of September, 1891, Jean Moreas published the manifesto of the school in Le Figaro:
While a myth is usually a symbolic story that has a distinctive form, Jean Moreas, in his Symbolist Manifesto (1886), describes the symbol in terms of an organic union of form and content: "la poesie symboliste cherche: a vetir l'idee d'une forme sensible" (33).
In the 1886 Symbolist Manifesto, Jean Moreas called for a poetry in which "primordial ideas" are clothed in "a tangible form," yet with neither the concept nor the sensuous form as the poem's object, but rather the "esoteric affinity" between them; and in 1900 Henri de Regnier said that the poet's goal is to achieve "the most perfect and complete figurative expression of Idea through Symbol.
Laloy characterizes Estampes and Nocturnes as "impressionistic pictures--all vibrations in the air and effects of light--with almost no prominent lines, above all with no impasto"; he compares Debussy's new style to the "bold colours" of Claude Monet and Paul Gauguin and the literary genius of Henri de Regnier and Jean Moreas, describing it as "tight, determined, affirmative, full; in a word, Classical" (pp.
Publication of his first naturalist novel, Chair molle (1885; "Soft Flesh"), led to his being prosecuted; his second, Le The chez Miranda (1886; "Tea at Miranda's"), written with Jean Moreas, is an early example of Symbolism.
Pour les critiques et historiens de la litterature francaise, le mouvement symboliste commence vers 1886; il se manifeste d'abord dans des revues telles que La Revue wagnerienne, La Plume, La Vogue, La Revue Blanche, Vers et Prose, La Revue Independante et La Decadence; il se canonise dans les manifestes de Gustave Kahn, Jean Moreas, et de Rene Ghil, sous l'influence vague des theories de l'esthetique mallarmeenne.
The principal Symbolist poets included Stephane Mallarme, Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud, Jules Laforgue, Henri de Regnier, Gustave Kahn, Emile Verhaeren, Georges Rodenbach, Jean Moreas, and Francis Viele-Griffin.