Jean-François Champollion

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Champollion, Jean-François

 

Born Dec. 24, 1790, in Figeac; died Mar. 4, 1832, in Paris. French scholar; founder of Egyptology. Member of the Académie des Inscriptions (1830).

After many years of studying the inscriptions of the Rosetta Stone, Champollion, in September 1822, set forth the main principles for the decipherment of the hieroglyphic writing of the ancient Egyptians. He also established the sequence of development of Egyptian writing—hieroglyphic, hieratic, and demotic. From 1828 to 1830 he headed an archaeological expedition to Egypt, where he collected and copied an enormous number of texts, ideograms, and records, which were published after Champollion’s death in Monuments de l’Egypte et de la Nubie. In 1831, Champollion accepted the chair of Egyptology, created especially for him, at the College de France; he was the first to compile a grammar and dictionary of the Egyptian language, which was published posthumously.

Champollion was an honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1826).

WORKS

L’Egypte sous les Pharaons, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1814.
Grammaire égyptienne ... Paris, 1836.
Monuments de l’Egypte et de la Nubie, vols. 1–4. Paris, 1835–45.
In Russian translation:
O egipetskom ieroglificheskom alfavite. Moscow, 1950.

REFERENCES

Hartleben, H. Champollion, sein Leben und sein Werk, vols. 1–2.
Berlin, 1906. Pourpoint, M. Champollion et l’énigme égyptienne. Paris, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
It offers first of all a path-breaking methodical assessment of Wilhelm von Humboldt's theory of writing as it evolved from his intensive creative and critical encounter with the Parisian-centered French school of oriental studies in the first quarter of the 19th century in particular with the Egyptologist Jean-Francois Champollion and his method of deciphering the hieroglyphic writing system of ancient Egypt.
The basis for an evaluation founded on ancient Egyptian works and original texts would not be available until after Richard Lepsius had deciphered the hieroglyphs, which Jean-Francois Champollion came upon in 1822, and made them known to the world around 1850.
In 1822, more than 20 years after the discovery, French scholar Jean-Francois Champollion finally deciphered the hieroglyphs.
Contractor address : 26 avenue Jean-Francois Champollion
Summary: Given the wealth of knowledge we have about the lives of the ancient Egyptians, we sometimes take for granted that from Egyptian texts (as opposed to graphic depictions) this has only been available to us for the past two centuries, since hieroglyphics were first decoded by Jean-Francois Champollion, who published his translation of the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphs in 1822.
We follow the painful process through which Jean-Francois Champollion and Michael Ventris attained their youthful ambitions by deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs and the Linear B script of Bronze Age Greece respectively.
Ella suele usar la piedra Rossetta del antiguo Egipto, estudiada por el mismo Jean-Francois Champollion, como una alegoria de la estrategia que podria seguirse para dilucidar la naturaleza y el origen de la conciencia.
Equally, anyone who studies ancient Egypt will know that Young was the linguist and antiquarian who 'cracked' the two Egyptian scripts on the Rosetta Stone, which then launched the full decipherment of the Egyptian hieroglyphs by Jean-Francois Champollion in the 1820s.
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