Jean-Luc Godard


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Jean-Luc Godard
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Occupation
Film critic, director, actor, cinematographer, screenwriter, editor, producer

Godard, Jean-Luc

(zhäN-lük gôdär`), 1930–, French film director and scriptwriter, b. Paris. He wrote criticism for a number of Parisian cinema journals in the early 1950s before embarking on his filmmaking career. Godard is probably the most influential of the French New Wave directors. His highly personal films are marked by a freewheeling approach to style, content, genre, continuity in time, and story structure, and he initiated techniques that broke with traditional film narrative. In his first feature film, Breathless (1959), he introduced a number of innovative features. These include the jump cut, editing scenes so that only the beginning and end of an action are shown; the use of written material, interviews, and other documentarylike techniques to confuse the boundary between fiction and fact; and the introduction of himself as a character and commentator. Films of the next decade, such as Contempt (1963), Pierre le Fou (1965), La Chinoise, and Weekend (both: 1967), are openly essayistic in form and less concerned with character and story than with ideas and analysis of social issues. The 15 films made from 1959 to 1967 form the main basis of his reputation as one of the late 20th-century's great filmmakers.

Increasingly interested in and devoted to Marxist and Maoist philosophies, Godard for a period subsumed his identity into that of a filmmaking collective. After some years of inactivity, he returned in 1980 with Every Man for Himself and has since directed such films as Hail Mary (1985) and Hélas pour Moi (1994), both of which explore the possibility of the divine playing a role in everyday contemporary life, and Forever Mozart (1996). His eight-part Histoire(s) du Cinéma (1988–98) is an extremely personal meditation on the history and nature of cinematic art. Godard's 21st-century films include In Praise of Love (2001), a mournful study of the precarious nature of historical memory in a mass-media age, the three-part Notre Musique (2004), which uses the structure of Dante's Divine Comedy to examine humanity's thirst for destruction and document the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the 3-D Goodbye to Language (2014), a beautiful, evocative visual essay that defies meaning.

Bibliography

See his autobiographical film, JLG/JLG (1994), and Godard on Godard (1968; tr. 1972, repr. 1986), a collection of early writings; R. Brody, Everything Is Cinema: The Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard (2008); C. MacCabe, Godard: A Portrait of the Artist at Seventy (2004); studies by T. Mussman, ed. (1968), C. Barr (1970), R. Roud (1980), C. MacCabe (1981), Y. Loshitzky (1995), W. W. Dixon (1997), K. Silverman and H. Farocki (1998), and D. Sterritt (1999); Two in the Wave (documentary, dir. by E. Laurent, 2009).

Godard, Jean-Luc

 

Born Dec. 3, 1930, in Paris. French motion picture director and scenario writer.

Godard is one of the founders of the movement in French motion pictures called the new wave. He is an ethnographer by education. He began to work in motion pictures in the 1950’s, gaining renown through the film Breathless (1959). In the films Le Petit Soldat (1960), My Life to Live (1961), Les Carabiniers (1962), Alphaville (1965), Pierrot le fou (1965), and others, the director sought to prove the impotence of individuals pitted against capitalist society and the futility of their efforts to oppose it. Godard’s heroes (or, by definition of the new-wave theorists, his antiheroes) are alienated from the bourgeois world, but they also repudiate socialism, preferring their own anarchic, individualistic concept of personal freedom. The rhythmically impulsive montage, the frequent use of a hand-held camera and unposed shots, which create the impression that the film is a documentary of events, and the use of collage methods, borrowed from modernistic painting, create the peculiar style of the director’s films. At the end of the 1960’s, Godard made films in which he sought to reflect acute problems of contemporary life (Made in USA, La Chinoise, Weekend, One Plus One, Truth, Le Vent d’est, and others), but the deliberately underscored equivocation of Godard’s ideological position, which is an expression of typically petit bourgeois anarchistic rebelliousness that in most cases is coupled with outright anticom-munist tendencies, devaluates the social and artistic importance of these efforts.

REFERENCES

Collet. J. Jean-Luc Godard. [Paris. 1968.]
Eberhard. K. Jan-Luc Godard. Warsaw, 1970.

S. I. IUTKEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The third actually appeared in 2009 and was a paperback reprint of a critical biography skewed by overly aggressive claims that Godard is anti-Semitic (Richard Brody, Everything Is Cinema: The Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard [New York: Picador (Macmillan), 2009]).
The two other recipients, German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, 77, who won the award in music, and Jean-Luc Godard, a 71-year-old Swiss who won the award in theater and film, were absent from the event.
Jean-Luc Godard began his career with Breathless, a work filled with references to Humphrey Bogart.
An immediate success, the book was soon selling over three thousand copies a day, and the renowned director Jean-Luc Godard is already working on an adaptation for the screen.
Finally, there is Jean-Luc Godard, our most intellectual modern filmmaker.
Living on the Central Coast and traveling around the world has resulted in a myriad of tremendous adventures for himself and has aligned his philosophies with those of Jean-Luc Godard in mind; Photography is truth.
BIRTHDAYS: Jean-Luc Godard, film director, 84; Paul Nicholas, actor, 69; Ozzy Osbourne, rock singer, 66; Daryl Hannah, actress, 54; Julianne Moore, actress, 54; Daniel Bedingfield, singer/songwriter, 35; Anna Chlumsky, actress, 34; Amanda Seyfried, actress, 29.
Caption: Left: Jean-Luc Godard shooting Adieu au Ian gage (Goodbye to Language), Rolle, Switzerland, January 28, 2013.
Winter Sleep" beat out 17 other titles in the official selection at this year's Cannes, which also included the newest efforts of such high-profile directors as France's Jean-Luc Godard, Britain's Ken Loach and Mike Leigh, Canada's David Cronenberg and Atom Egoyan and Belgium's Dardenne brothers.
PARIS -- David Cronenberg deconstructs Hollywood, Tommy Lee Jones goes Western and reclusive New Wave legend Jean-Luc Godard returns in 3-D in films competing at next month's Cannes Film Festival.
Chinese martial arts and horror); and classic filmmakers such as Jean Cocteau, Akira Kurosawa, and Jean-Luc Godard.