Jean-Luc Godard


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Jean-Luc Godard
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Occupation
Film critic, director, actor, cinematographer, screenwriter, editor, producer

Godard, Jean-Luc

(zhäN-lük gôdär`), 1930–, French film director and scriptwriter, b. Paris. He wrote criticism for a number of Parisian cinema journals in the early 1950s before embarking on his filmmaking career. Godard is probably the most influential of the French New Wave directors. His highly personal films are marked by a freewheeling approach to style, content, genre, continuity in time, and story structure, and he initiated techniques that broke with traditional film narrative. In his first feature film, Breathless (1959), he introduced a number of innovative features. These include the jump cut, editing scenes so that only the beginning and end of an action are shown; the use of written material, interviews, and other documentarylike techniques to confuse the boundary between fiction and fact; and the introduction of himself as a character and commentator. Films of the next decade, such as Contempt (1963), Pierre le Fou (1965), La Chinoise, and Weekend (both: 1967), are openly essayistic in form and less concerned with character and story than with ideas and analysis of social issues. The 15 films made from 1959 to 1967 form the main basis of his reputation as one of the late 20th-century's great filmmakers.

Increasingly interested in and devoted to Marxist and Maoist philosophies, Godard for a period subsumed his identity into that of a filmmaking collective. After some years of inactivity, he returned in 1980 with Every Man for Himself and has since directed such films as Hail Mary (1985) and Hélas pour Moi (1994), both of which explore the possibility of the divine playing a role in everyday contemporary life, and Forever Mozart (1996). His eight-part Histoire(s) du Cinéma (1988–98) is an extremely personal meditation on the history and nature of cinematic art. Godard's 21st-century films include In Praise of Love (2001), a mournful study of the precarious nature of historical memory in a mass-media age, the three-part Notre Musique (2004), which uses the structure of Dante's Divine Comedy to examine humanity's thirst for destruction and document the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the 3-D Goodbye to Language (2014), a beautiful, evocative visual essay that defies meaning.

Bibliography

See his autobiographical film, JLG/JLG (1994), and Godard on Godard (1968; tr. 1972, repr. 1986), a collection of early writings; R. Brody, Everything Is Cinema: The Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard (2008); C. MacCabe, Godard: A Portrait of the Artist at Seventy (2004); studies by T. Mussman, ed. (1968), C. Barr (1970), R. Roud (1980), C. MacCabe (1981), Y. Loshitzky (1995), W. W. Dixon (1997), K. Silverman and H. Farocki (1998), and D. Sterritt (1999); Two in the Wave (documentary, dir. by E. Laurent, 2009).

Godard, Jean-Luc

 

Born Dec. 3, 1930, in Paris. French motion picture director and scenario writer.

Godard is one of the founders of the movement in French motion pictures called the new wave. He is an ethnographer by education. He began to work in motion pictures in the 1950’s, gaining renown through the film Breathless (1959). In the films Le Petit Soldat (1960), My Life to Live (1961), Les Carabiniers (1962), Alphaville (1965), Pierrot le fou (1965), and others, the director sought to prove the impotence of individuals pitted against capitalist society and the futility of their efforts to oppose it. Godard’s heroes (or, by definition of the new-wave theorists, his antiheroes) are alienated from the bourgeois world, but they also repudiate socialism, preferring their own anarchic, individualistic concept of personal freedom. The rhythmically impulsive montage, the frequent use of a hand-held camera and unposed shots, which create the impression that the film is a documentary of events, and the use of collage methods, borrowed from modernistic painting, create the peculiar style of the director’s films. At the end of the 1960’s, Godard made films in which he sought to reflect acute problems of contemporary life (Made in USA, La Chinoise, Weekend, One Plus One, Truth, Le Vent d’est, and others), but the deliberately underscored equivocation of Godard’s ideological position, which is an expression of typically petit bourgeois anarchistic rebelliousness that in most cases is coupled with outright anticom-munist tendencies, devaluates the social and artistic importance of these efforts.

REFERENCES

Collet. J. Jean-Luc Godard. [Paris. 1968.]
Eberhard. K. Jan-Luc Godard. Warsaw, 1970.

S. I. IUTKEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The third actually appeared in 2009 and was a paperback reprint of a critical biography skewed by overly aggressive claims that Godard is anti-Semitic (Richard Brody, Everything Is Cinema: The Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard [New York: Picador (Macmillan), 2009]).
Ante la obra de Jean-Luc Godard uno se siente tentado a pronunciar elogios contundentes -"el cine nacio para llegar a Godard", o bien, "sin Godard, el cine no tendria conciencia de sus posibilidades"-- que quiza parezcan desmesurados, sobre todo si se piensa que alli estan Ingmar Bergman y Andrei Tarkovsky.
You also worked, I believe, with Jean-Luc Godard as early as the 1960s, Can you tell us about the importance of Godard to those times and his impact on contemporary cinema?
As a filmmaker, Jean-Luc Godard, eminence grise of the European avant-garde, presents stumbling blocks.
Surprisingly, the most violent struggle took place as viewers pushed and elbowed their way into the first showing of In Praise of Love, the brilliant new feature by French auteur Jean-Luc Godard.
IN the history of cinema, French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard is a giant.
Dice Jean-Luc Godard es un encargo que se conjuga con las cosas que me preocupan, es decir, "un encargo que yo suscito y lo primero que llega es el titulo: debe ser el elogio de algo.
An immediate success, the book was soon selling over three thousand copies a day, and the renowned director Jean-Luc Godard is already working on an adaptation for the screen.
Finally, there is Jean-Luc Godard, our most intellectual modern filmmaker.
Together, the Wellspring Home Video and Worldwide Sales libraries boast over 700 titles including major works by Francois Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Eric Rohmer, Luchino Visconti, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Hou Hsiao-Hsien, The Taviani Brothers, Peter Greenaway, Jacques Demy, Akira Kurosawa, Pedro Almodovar, Michelangelo Antonioni and Lina Wertmuller, among others.
While he draws primarily on the ideas of Jacques Derrida and Gilles Deleuze, discussion encompasses the work of thinkers and artists including Sigmund Freud, Jean-Luc Nancy, William Carlos Williams, and Jean-Luc Godard.
Caption: Left: Jean-Luc Godard shooting Adieu au Ian gage (Goodbye to Language), Rolle, Switzerland, January 28, 2013.