Roland de la Platière, Jeanne Manon Philipon(redirected from Jean-Marie Roland, vicomte de la Platière)
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Roland de la Platière, Jeanne Manon Philipon(Mme Roland) (zhän mänôN` flēpôN` rôläN` də lä plätyĕr`), 1754–93, French revolutionary. Imbued with classical ideals and with the philosophy of Rousseau, she made her house the intellectual center of the GirondistsGirondists
, political group of moderate republicans in the French Revolution, so called because the central members were deputies of the Gironde dept. Girondist leaders advocated continental war.
..... Click the link for more information. , and her influence on Girondist policy was great. Her husband, Jean Marie Roland de la Platière, rose to prominence in the Revolution largely as a result of her ambition and political connections. When her party fell Mme Roland was arrested; as she walked to the guillotine she cried, "O Liberty, what crimes are committed in thy name!"
See her letters (ed. by C. Perroud, 1900–1902); biographies by M. C. Jacquemaire (1930) and G. May (1970).