Jean-Philippe Rameau


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Rameau, Jean-Philippe

 

Baptized Sept. 25, 1683, in Dijon; died Sept. 12, 1764, in Paris. French composer and music theoretician.

The son of an organist, Rameau served as an organist in various churches until 1738. In 1723 he moved to Paris, where he became a court composer in 1745. He wrote 48 miniatures for harpsichord (three collections published in 1706, 1724, and c. 1728), including program pieces and dances (for example, the allemande, courante, gigue, sarabande, tambourin, rigaudon, gavotte, and minuet), in which he emphasized and at the same time poeticized the dance element. Although he followed the traditions of the French harpsichord style associated with F. Couperin, Rameau also endeavored to go beyond chamber music and develop a more ornamental style.

Despite his dependence on the conventions of French aristocratic court opera, in his works for the stage Rameau endeavored to deepen dramatic expressiveness, intensify the action, and clarify and democratize the musical language (for example, the lyric tragedies Hippolyte et Aricie [1733], Castor et Pollux [1737], and Dardanus [1739], as well as the opera-ballet Les Indes galantes [1735]). By integrally combining the achievements of French and Italian music, Rameau contributed to the crystallization of the classical musical style and, to a significant degree, laid the foundation for C. W. Gluck’s operatic reforms.

Rameau also composed cantatas, motets, and instrumental ensemble works. He was an important scholar, whose theoretical works (including the Treatise on Harmony, 1722) represent a significant stage in the development of the theory of harmony.

WORKS

Oeuvres completes, vols. 1–18. Published under the direction of C. Saint-Saëns. Paris, 1895–1924. (Incomplete.)

REFERENCES

Briantseva, V. “Zh. F. Ramo i ego klavesinnoe tvorchestvo.” In J.-P. Rameau, Poh. sobr. soch dlia klavesina. Moscow, 1972.
Girdlestone, C. Jean Philippe Rameau: His Life and Work. London, 1957.

V. N. BRIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
New York, 1972), 287-312; Glen Edward Barksdale, The Chorus in French Opera (unpublished dissertation), University of Utah, 1973; Robert Peter Wolf, Jean-Philippe Rameau's comedie lyrique 'Les Paladins' (1760): a Critical Edition and Study (unpublished dissertation), Yale University, 1977; Etienne Haeringer, L 'Esthetique de l'opera en France au temps de Jean-Philippe Rameau, Oxford, 1990, pp.
However, though he implies a connection between the partimento tradition and the influential theories of Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764), particularly as practiced by the Italian composer Fedele Fenaroli (1730-1818), that linkage is not fully explored.
Jean-Philippe Rameau figures in this chapter, since his works nurtured parodies staged in the Theatre de la Foire and the Theatre Italien.
Bach, Francois Couperin, Jean-Philippe Rameau and Alessandro Scarlatti; adaptations of works by such diverse composers as George Gershwin, Alberto Ginastera and Darius Milhaud; traditional Brazilian music and the compositions of Heitor Villa-Lobos.
This 1996 album used the Baroque works of fellow Frenchman Jean-Philippe Rameau as a springboard for various band member rearrangements.
The program includes selections by Marcel Tournier, Enrique Granados, Gabriel Faure, Marcel Grandjany, Benjamin Britten, Vincent Persichetti, Baldassare Galuppi and Jean-Philippe Rameau.
And they were with him at the 1997 Edinburgh premiere of his Platee, the comic opera of Jean-Philippe Rameau, which receives its American premiere at the Berkeley (California) Festival & Exhibition (June 10-13).
Contractor address : Support marchs publics K7050, 12 rue Jean-Philippe Rameau, CS 80001
Handel, "La Joyeuse" by Jean-Philippe Rameau and a trio from "L'enfance du Christ" by Hector Berlioz for harp and two flutes.
His 1933 Nocturne, to music by Jean-Philippe Rameau, concentrated on the fairies; noted for its groupings and tableaux, it "had unity of purpose, clarity of expression and sharpness of outline," according to one bygone critic.
Address : Campus Rseau 15/17 rue Jean-Philippe Rameau CS 80001
Jean-Philippe Rameau spent his early years working as a church musician in Lyon, and it is believed that his grands motels were written during this period.