Born Oct. 14, 1846, in Saint-Claud, Charente; died Dec. 16, 1924, in Paris. Abbé. French linguist. One of the founders of experimental phonetics.
Rousselot was a curé and suffragan until 1887, when he became an assistant professor of French philology at the Catholic Institute in Paris. In 1897 he founded and became head of the laboratory of experimental phonetics at the Collège de France, where he became a professor in 1923. He invented a number of phonetic devices, and devised methods for developing speech in deaf-mutes and for eliminating speech defects. Rousselot was one of the founders of linguistic geography. He established the Société des Parlers de France (1893), which was concerned with dialectology, and the journals Revue de phonétique (with H. Pernot, 1911) and Revue des patois gallo-romans (with J. Gilliéron, 1887; since 1893, Bulletin de la Société des parlers de France).
WORKSPrécis de prononciation française. Paris, 1902. (With F. Laclotte.)
Phonétique expérimentale et surdité. Paris, 1903.
Principes de phonétique expérimentale, vols. 1–2, 2nd ed. Paris, 1924.