Jidda

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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
RELATED ARTICLES: City report: Jeddah | City Report: Al Ain | Jeddah to build $26.
Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Alsaud, chairman of Jeddah Economic Company (JEC) Kingdom Holding Company said, This contract further confirms that the Jeddah project continues on its strategic path .
The statement said Jeddah Economic Forum was an important activity launched in 2000 with the initiatives of Jeddah Chamber of Trade & Industry.
Dr Ghassan Al Sulaiman, chairman of City Center Development Company, the sole developer of the Jeddah City Center Project and Florian Bollen, chairman of Great Wheel Corporation signed the contract marking the official start of the project.
Other sponsors and shareholders of the privately financed project are: the Dallah Al Baraka Group of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, a large multinational investment company; Marubeni Corp.
Tunnels and flyovers will be constructed to ease vehicular traffic on the road as part of the Jeddah Urban Development Plan as per the directives of King Abdullah, according to Arab News .
On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays flights will depart Sharjah at 8:30 am and arrive in Jeddah at 10:00 am.
Egypt's Consul General in Jeddah Adel Hasan Al-Elfi and the Director General of the branch of the Ministry of Culture and Information in Makkah Saud bin Ali Al-Shaikhi attended the meeting.
8kV substation in Jeddah Gate Site (Bab Jeddah) located near Old Jeddah Airport area having well-known landmarks and amenities nearby, like King Abdulaziz University and AlAndalus Mall.
8bn ($480m) for flood defence projects in East Jeddah.
The recent opening of Park Hyatt Jeddah -- Marina, Club and Spa, Saudi Arabia's latest luxury hotel, adds a new level of understated elegance to the fast-growing city of Jeddah, catering to affluent leisure and business travelers, say Hyatt executives.
Emaar Middle East had awarded contracts to a number of leading Saudi Arabian companies to develop the Jeddah Gate infrastructure and undertake the construction of various components.