Jalalabad

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Jalalabad

(jəlä'läbäd`, jəlăl`əbăd), city (1979 pop. 53,915), capital of Nangarhar prov., E Afghanistan, near the Khyber PassKhyber Pass
, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan.
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. The city dominates the entrances to the Laghman and Kunar valleys and is a leading trading center with India and Pakistan. Oranges, rice, and sugarcane grow in the fertile surrounding area, and the city has cane-processing and sugar-refining as well as papermaking industries. Jalalabad is a military center and a winter resort. Present-day Jalalabad was the major city of the ancient Greco-Buddhist center of GandharaGandhara
, historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great.
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. Babur, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India, chose the site for the modern city, which was built c.1570 by his grandson, Akbar. During the First Afghan War, British troops held (1842) Jalalabad against an Afghan siege. The Pashtus constitute most of the population. The city has a university and medical school.

Jalalabad

 

a city in southeastern Afghanistan, the center of the province of Nangarhar. Population, approximately 47,000 (1966, estimate). It is an important transit and trade-distribution point on the highway between Kabul and Peshawar, Pakistan. Jalalabad is the center of a major oasis in the valley of the Kabul River, producing such crops as sugarcane, citrus fruits, date palms, and cereals. An irrigation system built with Soviet aid waters about 30,000 hectares in the oasis.

Jalalabad

a city in NE Afghanistan, capital of Nangarhar province; a trading, military, and tourist centre on the main route between Kabul and the Khyber Pass. Pop.: 140 611 (1991 est.)