Jemdet Nasr


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Jemdet Nasr

 

(Jamdat Nasr), the remains of an Aeneolithic agricultural settlement of the end of the fourth millennium B.C., located 25 km northeast of Babylon, Iraq. The British archaeologist E. Mackay investigated the site from 1925 to 1927. It consists of three mounds, the middle of which contains the cultural level. Because of this level, the name Jemdet Nasr has been given to one of the historical periods of predynastic Sumer (it is preceded by the periods of the Obaidian [Ubaid] and Warkan [Uruk] cultures). Discoveries included multiroom dwellings and the ruins of a palace or temple in which clay tablets with pictographic symbols were found. Characteristic of Jemdet Nasr are the monochrome and polychrome clay vessels with geometric curvilinear and other decoration, as well as stone vessels. The implements discovered included clay sickles, stone hoes, and knives made of obsidian. Copper articles were also found as well as seals with carved human and animal figures and the distinctive cylinder seals (the so-called Jemdet Nasr style of seals).

REFERENCES

Childe, V. G. Drevneishii Vostok v svete novykh raskopok. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from English.)
Mackay, E. “Report on Excavations at Jemdet Nasr.” In the book Memoirs of Field Museum of Natural History, vol. 1, no. 3. London-Chicago, 1931.

IU. A. ZADNEPROVSKII

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Large fragments of distinctive Jemdet Nasr pottery were found inside the grave.
The Herbert Weld Collection in the Ashmolean: Pictographic Inscriptions from Jemdet Nasr.
Secrets of the dark mound: Jemdet Nasr 1926-1928 (Iraq Archaeological Reports Vol.
Englund a entrepris la publication exhaustive de l'ensemble des textes archaiques mesopotamiens, des epoques d'Uruk et de Jemdet Nasr ou, si l'on prefere, de I'Uruk recent et de I'Uruk tardif.
The Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic, Neolithic, Halafian, 'Ubaid, Uruk and Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic (ED) periods are covered in distinct chapters.
Zahawi, cover the Jemdet Nasr to the Old Babylonian periods, suggesting that Tell Suleimeh, the ancient Batir (see below), was one of the earliest cities of Mesopotamia.
Wagon pictographs from the Late Uruk and Jemdet Nasr periods
This new material has led to a chronological reassessment of two styles, the "naturalistic" Uruk style and the "schematic" Jemdet Nasr style, which had originally been thought to be consecutive but which are now shown to have been contemporary.
The first implies that the illustrated figurines are Libaid (they are both Ubaid and Uruk), and the second asserts that the page of pottery is entirely Libaid (they are in fact Ubaid, Uruk and Jemdet Nasr in date).
Most significantly, the book provides a thorough presentation of the form and content of the Sumerian texts of the Jemdet Nasr period.
Similarities between the Uruk and Jemdet Nasr periods of Mesopotamia (c.
The seals are consequently grouped according to the then-conventional Mesopotamian classifications: Jemdet Nasr (1-26); Early Dynastic I (27-30), II (31-36), and III (37-40); Akkadian (41-65); Gutian (66-69); Ur III (70-75); Isin-Larsa (76-80); Old Babylonian (81-103); Kassite (104-5); Cappadocian (106-42); Old Syrian (143-73); Middle Syrian (174-81); Mittanian (183-212); Middle Assyrian (213-21); Neo-Assyrian (182, 222-86); and Achaemenid (287-88).