Jena


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Jena

(yā`nä), city (1994 pop. 100,090), Thuringia, E central Germany, on the Saale River. Manufactures of this industrial center include pharmaceuticals, glass, optical and precision instruments, and lasers. The Zeiss works, among the best-known camera and optical equipment manufacturers in the world, implemented massive layoffs in the 1990s due to economic hardship following German reunification. Jena was known in the 9th cent. and was chartered in the 13th cent. The city passed to the house of Wettin in the 14th cent. and in 1485 passed to its Ernestine line. In 1806, Napoleon I decisively defeated the Prussians at Jena. The Univ. of Jena was founded in 1557–58 and reached its height in the late 18th and early 19th cent. At that time the dramatist Friedrich von Schiller, the philosophers Hegel, Fichte, and Schelling, and the poet August Wilhelm von Schlegel taught there. Schiller wrote the Wallenstein trilogy and Goethe wrote Hermann und Dorothea at Jena; Karl Marx was granted a doctorate in 1841. In 1934 the university's name was changed to Friedrich Schiller Univ. of Jena. Noteworthy structures in the city include the Church of St. Michael (13th cent.), a 15th-century city hall, and parts of the city's medieval fortifications.

Jena

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in the district of Gera, on the Saale River. Population, 88, 300 (1970). Railroad junction. Jena is a center of the optical instrument industry. It is the site of the Carl Zeiss-Jena Plant, which employs 18, 000 people and is one of the world’s biggest enterprises. The plant produces various optical instruments, astronomical equipment, light and electron microscopes, medical equipment, camera lenses, and binoculars. These products, as well as optical glass and medicines, are manufactured primarily for export. Jena is the site of the Friedrich Schiller University, a planetarium, a seismological institute, an observatory, a botanical garden, anda school for preparing specialists in the fields of precision mechanics, optics, and medicine.

Jena

a city in E central Germany, in Thuringia: university (1558), at which Hegel and Schiller taught; site of the battle (1806) in which Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Prussians; optical and precision instrument industry. Pop.: 102 634 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In Jena, for those who have been under the illusion that changes have occurred," says Jackson, "this is a wake-up call.
Yet if you were a friend or relative of the student who was beaten and left unconscious by the Jena Six for no reason other than that he was of the same race as students who had engaged in a nasty act of symbolic racism involving nooses, you might well think "justice" would require that Bell receive more than the many wrist slaps he had incurred in his long career as a young offender.
I will not even begin to think I know the answers to these questions because I have never been to Jena, La.
The school authorities carpeted a trio of white teenagers and cut down the tree, but the damage was done and fighting broke out elsewhere in Jena.
Konrad Reinhart, director of the Clinic for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Therapy at the University Clinics Jena.
Some lithium atoms would hold fewer hydrogen atoms because bonds among buckyballs would probably block some hydrogen-binding sites, Jena notes.
In addition, the comprehensive history of the development of the theology of Flacius to the time of his professorship in Jena is invaluable.
Founded in Tokyo's posh Ginza district in 1950, Jena sold a broad range of books, from scholarly works to fashion magazines, at its shop and by mail order.
Jena: Frommansche Buchandlung Walter Biedermann, 1935), which provides an extensive listing of incipits for each composition in the Jena choirbooks.
Optics Balzers Jena offers various plasma assisted coating technologies.
Jena Irene thought the show was amazing since she got to perform with her idols including Hayley Williams, and her duet with Caleb Johnson was also awesome.