Jenin


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Jenin

(jĕ`nēn), town (2003 est. pop. 34,000), West Bank, at the southern entrance to the Esdraelon Valley and on the northern edge of the Samarian Highlands. It is an important crossroads, urban center, and market town and is also the site of a large Palestinian refugee camp. The town's economy is based on service, craft, some industry, and local agriculture, which produces wheat, barley, olives, dates, figs, and vegetables.

Jenin is believed to have been built on the site of the ancient city of Ein-Ganam, mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna tablets (see Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), or the biblical town of Ginnat. Once the site of a Byzantine church, now in ruins, Jenin was captured by Christian knights during the Crusades. The town was used as a Turkish-German army base during World War I, became part of the Palestine mandate (1923–48), and was annexed (1950) by Jordan. A center of Palestinian guerrilla activity after the 1948 Arab-Israeli warArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, Jenin was occupied by Israel from the Six-Day War (1967) until 1995, when it came under Palestinian control. Jenin was the center of fierce Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, when the town was heavily damaged.

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References in classic literature ?
We camped at Jenin before night, and got up and started again at one o'clock in the morning.
Summary: Jenin, Muharram 28, 1432, Jan 03, 2011, SPA -- Local Palestinian sources said that Israeli Occupation Forces erected a checkpoint today west of Jenin and broke into the town and the village of Fahma Kfrai.
JENIN: Standing in the dusty, half-lit lobby of Cinema Jenin with paint splattered builders beavering away all around, it's hard to imagine that this venue was once the place to be on the Jenin social scene.
Published on Thursday, 27 March 2014 13:10 Jenin/PNN Israeli occupation forces stormed on Thursday, an under-construction house and turned it into a military base in al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin.
JENIN, April 16, 2015 (WAFA) Israeli forces early Thursday detained a Palestinian and summoned four others from Jenin district, said security sources.
Published on Thursday, 06 March 2014 13:23 PNN Israeli occupation forces arrested on Thursday, four Palestinians from the West Bank city of Jenin and its refugee camp.
from Hebron and Jenin districts, said security sources.
The elderly man was declared dead at the Jenin Goverment Hospital upon arrival and the son said that the soldiers refused to check his condition Gulf News reported.
JENIN, November 19, 2014 (WAFA) -- The Israeli authorities on Wednesday handed dozens of villagers west of Jenin notifications regarding Israel army's intent to seize large tracts of agricultural land, despite having official documents proving their ownership of the land.
While Israel has been trying to raise doubts over the death of the Palestinian child Mohammad Al Dura and the Jenin massacre among others, the law serves as a precursor to omit the crimes altogether.
A group of Israeli settlers on Friday attacked some Palestinian citizens vehicles and smashed its windows glass south of Jenin while many Palestinian citizens suffered from gas suffocation during the clashes with the Israeli soldiers in Al-Aqra village near the city.
Kanan Bajawi told Ma'an that Israeli forces raided his family home in Jenin and detained his brother Odai, 20.