Jenin

(redirected from Jenin Refugee Camp)

Jenin

(jĕ`nēn), town (2003 est. pop. 34,000), West Bank, at the southern entrance to the Esdraelon Valley and on the northern edge of the Samarian Highlands. It is an important crossroads, urban center, and market town and is also the site of a large Palestinian refugee camp. The town's economy is based on service, craft, some industry, and local agriculture, which produces wheat, barley, olives, dates, figs, and vegetables.

Jenin is believed to have been built on the site of the ancient city of Ein-Ganam, mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna tablets (see Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), or the biblical town of Ginnat. Once the site of a Byzantine church, now in ruins, Jenin was captured by Christian knights during the Crusades. The town was used as a Turkish-German army base during World War I, became part of the Palestine mandate (1923–48), and was annexed (1950) by Jordan. A center of Palestinian guerrilla activity after the 1948 Arab-Israeli warArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, Jenin was occupied by Israel from the Six-Day War (1967) until 1995, when it came under Palestinian control. Jenin was the center of fierce Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, when the town was heavily damaged.

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References in periodicals archive ?
As the crisis deepened, there were continuing fears of Israel massacring Palestinians in the Jenin refugee camp.
JENIN, April 30, 2017 (WAFA) -- A Palestinian youth Sunday was shot and injured with a live bullet fired by Israeli forces during clashes that broke out in Jenin refugee camp, according to local sources.
IOF forces arrested four Palestinians after raiding Jenin refugee camp.
Meanwhile, forces stormed the family house of Jamal Abu al-Hayja, who is held in Israeli custody, in Jenin refugee camp, wreaking havoc inside it and seizing a vehicle and some electrical devices.
Published on Tuesday, 21 January 2014 14:09 PNN A group of Israeli Special Units "Arabists" stormed the city of Jenin Tuesday afternoon, and kidnapped the son of Sheikh Jamal Abu al-Haiga', one of the Hamas leaders in Jenin refugee camp.
Some of the fiercest fighting in Israel's 13-day campaign has been in the Jenin refugee camp where more than 200 Palestinians are believed to have died.
In Jenin district, forces raided Jenin refugee camp, re-detaining Mustafa Qaniri and his son, Ahmad.
Israeli occupation forces arrested on Monday, three Palestinians from Jenin refugee camp and raided several neighborhoods amid heavy The forces arrested Suhaib Yousef al-Sa'di, 22, Mohammed Hussain Zeidan, 26, and Ghassan Ragheb al-Sa'di, 46, after raiding and searching their houses in the camp.
Meanwhile, forces detained Fadi Hawil and Yazan Sa'di during a predawn raid into Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank.
Published on Tuesday, 17 September 2013 09:21 PNN A 19-year-old Palestinian, Islam Hussam Saed al-Tubasi died of injuries sustained a while ago, during the ongoing clashes in Jenin refugee camp Tuesday.
Israeli forces detained four Palestinians after breaking into and ransacking their family houses in Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin.
Published on Tuesday, 17 September 2013 07:47 PNN Five Palestinians were injured by live ammunition during clashes that erupted Tuesday morning with the Israeli forces in Jenin refugee camp.