Jenin

(redirected from Jenin Refugee Camp)

Jenin

(jĕ`nēn), town (2003 est. pop. 34,000), West Bank, at the southern entrance to the Esdraelon Valley and on the northern edge of the Samarian Highlands. It is an important crossroads, urban center, and market town and is also the site of a large Palestinian refugee camp. The town's economy is based on service, craft, some industry, and local agriculture, which produces wheat, barley, olives, dates, figs, and vegetables.

Jenin is believed to have been built on the site of the ancient city of Ein-Ganam, mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna tablets (see Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), or the biblical town of Ginnat. Once the site of a Byzantine church, now in ruins, Jenin was captured by Christian knights during the Crusades. The town was used as a Turkish-German army base during World War I, became part of the Palestine mandate (1923–48), and was annexed (1950) by Jordan. A center of Palestinian guerrilla activity after the 1948 Arab-Israeli warArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, Jenin was occupied by Israel from the Six-Day War (1967) until 1995, when it came under Palestinian control. Jenin was the center of fierce Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, when the town was heavily damaged.

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Meanwhile, rescue workers said it was possible but unlikely that someone would be found alive under the debris in the Jenin refugee camp, scene of the worst fighting in the Israeli offensive.
The Army completes its withdrawal from the Jenin refugee camp, Palestinians bury their dead and foreign rescue teams arrive to look for survivors.
But in a snub to the UN, the Israelis again refused to let a factfinding team into Jenin refugee camp.
CLAIMS of human-rights abuses allegedly committed by the Israeli army in the Jenin refugee camp should be investigated on a par with war crimes perpetrated in the Balkans, Amnesty International said yesterday.
In a follow-up to yesterday's operation, Israeli forces entered the Jenin refugee camp on the edge of Jenin city and began searching Palestinian houses at around 4am (0200 GMT), residents said.
RAMALLAH, June 11, 2015 (WAFA) The cold-blooded murder of a Palestinian teenager in Jenin refugee camp by the Israeli army on Wednesday hit the front page headlines of the three Palestinian Arabic dailies in their Thursday issue.
Palestinian security sources told Ma'an that several Israeli military patrols stormed Jenin refugee camp after midnight and detained Bah Samih, 23, Khadir Abu Qutnah, 24, and Mahmoud Tawfiq Rajab Qreini, 23.
Jenin, Ramadan 22, 1434, Jul 31, 2013, SPA - Seven people were injured by live and rubber bullets Tuesday when they confronted Israeli soldiers who raided Jenin refugee camp to arrest people, said security and medical sources.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Clashes broke out Monday morning in the Jenin refugee camp as Israeli forces detained two members of the Fatah-affiliated al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, locals said.
In the Jenin area, forces detained Oday Hamada, 23, and a University student identified as Wisam Hanoun, 21, after raiding his familys house in Jenin refugee camp.
Sources said that intense forces broke into Jenin refugee camp, surrounded thehome and turned the surrounding homes into military zones.
TEHRAN (FNA)- At least 18 Palestinians were injured by live ammunition, while home of a suspected Hamas member was bombed and set ablaze by the Israeli army, during a raid on Jenin refugee camp early morning Sunday, medical and security sources siad.