Carchemish

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Carchemish

(kär`kĭmĭsh, kärkē`mĭsh), ancient city, Turkey, on the Euphrates River, at the Syrian border, c.35 mi (56 km) SE of Gaziantep. It was an important Neo-Hittite city and was prosperous in the 9th cent. B.C. before it was destroyed by the Assyrians. Even then it continued as an important trade center. There, in 605 B.C., NebuchadnezzarNebuchadnezzar
, d. 562 B.C., king of Babylonia (c.605–562 B.C.), son and successor of Nabopolassar. In his father's reign he was sent to oppose the Egyptians, who were occupying W Syria and Palestine. At Carchemish he met and defeated (605 B.C.
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 defeated NechoNecho
, 609–593 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XXVI dynasty, the son and successor of Psamtik and grandson of Necho, lord of Saïs. Necho took advantage of the confusion that followed the fall of Nineveh (612) to invade Palestine and Syria, both of which
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. Among the excavated remains are sculptured Neo-Hittite reliefs with hieroglyphic Hittite inscriptions.

Bibliography

See British Museum, Carchemish (3 vol. in 2, 1914–52).

Carchemish

 

an important ancient artisan and trade city on the right bank of the Euphrates River in northern Syria, near modern Jarablus. The city was founded about 3000 b.c. and existed until Roman times. The first written mention of the city dates from the 18th century b.c., when Carchemish was under the cultural influence of Mesopotamia. For a short time in the 15th century b.c., Carchemish was a vassalage of Egypt, and later, up to the 12th century b.c., of the Hittite empire. From the 12th to the eighth centuries b.c., Carchemish was the center of an independent kingdom. Sargon II conquered the city in 717 b.c. In 605 b.c., a battle took place there in which the Babylonian emperor Nebuchadnezzar II defeated the Egyptian pharaon Necho II and the Assyrian emperor Ashur-uballit II; this led to the ruin of the Assyrian state. Excavations conducted in 1876, 1878–1881, and 1908–19 have revealed fortifications; foundations and architectural details of palaces, temples, and other buildings; various sculptures; and cuneiform and hieroglyphic inscriptions.

REFERENCE

Klengel, H. Geschichte Syriens im 2. Jahrtausend vor unserer Zeit. Part1: Nordsyrien. Berlin. 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hawar news reported on Thursday that the Turkish army has evacuated the forces fighting within the framework of the Euphrates Shield and stationed in Jerablus in Northeastern Aleppo to Afrin after sustaining defeats against the Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).
First and foremost is the question of establishing a safe zone in northern Syria between Jerablus and Marea.
As a matter of fact, this force could have been instrumental in taking back Jerablus, but it didn't happen.
We welcome the entrance of Kurdish Pishmarga forces, but the FSA forces commanded by Abdul Jabbar al-Agedi can fight the ISIL in other places like Jerablus and Manbij (not in Kobani)," YPG Commander Siban Hamou was quoted as saying by the above-mentioned Arabic-language media as saying.
Security measures along the border have been tightened in KarkamyE- because of the explosion in Jerablus.
Asked about the US-led coalition's airstrikes on ISIL forces, Shami said the bombing campaign which targeted ISIL positions in the Eastern and Southern parts of the city were useless as terrorists' artilleries and other heavy weapons and equipment and the main transit route of the terrorists, from Tal Abyaz and Jerablus towards Kobani, were not raided at all.
Meanwhile, the KarkamyE- border gate in the southeastern province of Gaziantep has been closed because of increasing clashes in Jerablus, a Syrian city close to KarkamyE-.
Meantime, sources in the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani told FNA earlier on Sunday thatthe bombing campaign which targeted ISIL positions in the Eastern and Southern parts of the city were useless as terrorists' artilleries and other heavy weapons and equipment and the main transit route of the terrorists, from Tal Abyaz and Jerablus towards Kobani, were not raided at all.
The ISIL beheaded 40 members of the Islamic Front in Aleppo countryside and mounted their heads on the walls of Jerablus city's Cultural Center in Aleppo countryside.