Jeremy Taylor


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Taylor, Jeremy,

1613–67, English bishop and theological and devotional writer. He was distinguished as a preacher and as the author of some of the most noted religious works in English. After completing his studies at Cambridge and taking (1633) holy orders, he was nominated (1635) by Archbishop Laud to a fellowship at All Souls College, Oxford. He became chaplain to Laud and rector (1638) of Uppingham, Rutlandshire, but as a chaplain-in-ordinary to Charles I, Taylor left his country church to serve the king at the outbreak (1642) of the civil war. After a royalist defeat (1645) before Cardigan Castle, in Wales, he was briefly imprisoned. In 1645 he became principal of a school in Caermarthenshire, Wales, and served as private chaplain to the 2d earl of Carbery, at whose home, Golden Grove, Taylor wrote some of his most distinguished works. His period of greatest literary production was between 1646 and 1660. The Liberty of Prophesying (1647) was a noteworthy call for toleration. His Great Exemplar … the Life and Death of Jesus Christ (1649) was followed by other books of devotion—Holy Living (1650), Holy Dying (1651), The Golden Grove (1655), and The Worthy Communicant (1660). His learned Ductor Dubitantium; or, The Rule of Conscience (1660) was dedicated to Charles II. After the Restoration (1660) he was given the bishopric of Down and Connor, in Ireland, and appointed vice-chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin. At Dromore, which was added to his see, Taylor built (1661) the church in which he is buried. His tenure (1660–67) as bishop was a period of turbulent dispute with the Presbyterian ministers who refused to acknowledge episcopal jurisdiction. Taylor has been called the Shakespeare and the Spenser of the pulpit. A number of his sermons were published; many critics consider that in them his mastery of fine metaphor and his poetic imagination are best revealed. Taylor's Whole Works (ed. with an admirable biography by Reginald Heber, 15 vol., 1822) was edited and revised by C. P. Eden (10 vol., 1847–52). The Golden Grove, with selected passages from Taylor's sermons and writings, was edited in 1930 by Logan Pearsall Smith and contains a bibliography of Taylor's works by Robert Gathorne-Hardy.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Gosse (1904, repr. 1968) and C. J. Stranks (1952); studies by H. T. Hughes (1960) and F. L. Huntley (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
TDHUK owner Jeremy Taylor yesterday and a view of the site
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We would be reading Erasmus, the Puritan William Perkins, the Jesuit Robert Bellarmine, the Anglican Jeremy Taylor who wrote of the need to cultivate virtues as one prepared for death.
Schoolboy Jeremy Taylor of Linthwaite won the Haydn Wood Trophy at the two-day music festival at Slaithwaite Leisure Centre.
Few realise (it is usually said to be anonymous) that the churchman Jeremy Taylor (1613-1667) in his Ductor Dubitantium 1:1:5, a compendium of Catholic and Protestant casuistry, traces it back to a couplet by Ambrose: 'Si fueris Romae, Romano vivite more; /Si fueris alibi, vivite sicut ubi.
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Carroll, Wisdom and Wasteland: Jeremy Taylor in His Prose and Preaching Today, Dublin, Four Courts Press, 2001, 288pp, GB 32.
Jeremy Taylor, a seventeenth-century Anglican bishop denounced times such as his when "Christian charity ends in killing one another for conscience sake, so that faith is made to cut the throat of charity.
PokerStars is estimated to owe $257 million in back taxes," explained G-poker spokesman Jeremy Taylor.
Chairman of the judges, Jeremy Taylor, said:"Recognising and rewarding business innovation and success is at the heart of these awards.
Reporting to Jim is new hire Jeremy Taylor , a specialist in operational processing and derivatives.