Jerome Seymour Bruner

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Bruner, Jerome Seymour


Born Oct. 1, 1915, in New York. American psychologist. Professor of psychology since 1952. Director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Harvard University since 1961.

Bruner was one of the first to begin studying the role of need and value as organizing factors in perception. He has also investigated the structure of social perception—the correlation between feeling and perception in personal relations within a group. Bruner set forth and provided the experimental groundwork for the thesis that during the formation of concepts the individual utilizes a definite strategy, either whole or partial, depending upon whether every characteristic of a given object is taken as a point of departure or only one of them. In a number of Bruner’s works, the achievements of psychology have been used to provide the groundwork for scientific ideas concerning the learning process, which is regarded as a factor leading to intellectual development.


“Value and Need as Organizing Factors in Perception.” Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology, 1947, vol. 42, no. 1. (With C. Goodman.)
A Study of Thinking. New York-London [1956]. (With I. Goodnow and G. Austin.)
On Knowing: Essays for the Left Hand. Cambridge, 1962.
Studies in Cognitive Growth. New York, 1966. (Coauthor.)
In Russian translation:
Protsess obucheniia. Moscow, 1962.


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The series uses a "constructivist" approach based on the work of Jerome Bruner, Jean Piaget and John Dewey.
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In fact, Jerome Bruner, a cognitive psychologist, found that a fact wrapped in a story is 22 times more memorable to audiences than a fact presented on its own.
Research by New York University's Jerome Bruner shows that we remember about 80 percent of the things we see, compared to 20 percent of what we read.
Influencias academicas--Formado em psicologia cognitiva e educacional, Howard Gardner foi influenciado pelos trabalhos do tambem psicologo Jerome Bruner e do epistemologo Jean Piaget.
This concept is equivalent to the theories of Henrich Pestalozzi, John Dewey and Jerome Bruner.
Jerome Bruner, a famed psychologist of education at Harvard University, is very responsible for how we conceive of education and learning today.