Jerome Robbins


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Jerome Robbins
Jerome Rabinowitz
Birthday
BirthplaceNew York City, USA
Died

Robbins, Jerome,

1918–98, American choreographer and dancer, b. New York City as Jerome Wilson Rabinowitz. Robbins began his career dancing in musicals (1937). In 1940 he joined the Ballet Theatre and in 1948 became associate artistic director of the New York City BalletNew York City Ballet
(NYCB), one of the foremost American dance companies of the 20th and 21st cents. It was founded by Lincoln Kirstein and George Balanchine as the Ballet Society in 1946.
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. The first ballet he choreographed, Fancy Free (1944), was expanded into the musical On the Town. Robbins gained distinction as the exuberantly innovative choreographer of such Broadway musicals as High Button Shoes (1947) and The King and I (1951). Ultimately creating an evolved and organic kind of show that was more a work of art than a humble entertainment, he choreographed and directed the musicals Peter Pan (1954), West Side Story (1957), Gypsy (1959), and Fiddler on the Roof (1964). Meanwhile, during the 1940s and 50s he periodically returned to the New York City Ballet, where he created such works as Interplay (1945), Facsimile (1946), The Cage (1951), Fanfare (1953), The Concert (1956), and Moves (1959). Essentially leaving the world of musicals after the enormous success of Fiddler, he returned to the City Ballet and in the following years choreographed such works as Dances at a Gathering (1969), probably his finest ballet; Goldberg Variations (1971); Ives, Songs (1988); and Brandenburg (1997). From 1983 to 1990 Robbins was the City Ballet's co–ballet master in chief with Peter MartinsMartins, Peter,
1946–, Danish ballet dancer and choreographer. He studied at the School of the Royal Danish Ballet and performed with its company (1965–69). In 1969 he joined the New York City Ballet, where he danced in numerous ballets, including Chaconne
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, and many of his 66 ballets continue to be performed by the company.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. Lawrence (2001), D. Jowitt (2004), and A. Vaill (2006); C. Conrad, Jerome Robbins: That Broadway Man, That Ballet Man (2001); R. E. Long, Broadway, The Golden Years (2001).

Robbins, Jerome (b. Rabinowitz)

(1918–  ) choreographer, ballet dancer; born in New York City. Trained in modern dance and ballet, Robbins joined Ballet Theatre in 1940 and choreographed his first ballet in 1944. In 1949 he joined New York City Ballet, danced principal roles, and choreographed nine ballets before he formed Ballet: USA, in 1959. He choreographed such celebrated Broadway shows as West Side Story (1957) and Fiddler on the Roof (1964) and returned to City Ballet in 1969. There he choreographed such major works as The Goldberg Variations (1971) and Glass Pieces (1983), and became co-ballet master (1983–89). His retrospective Jerome Robbins's Broadway was a 1989 hit.
References in periodicals archive ?
The film, directed by choreographer Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise, holds the record for most Academy Award wins for a musical film.
Our objective was to renovate the Jerome Robbins Theater by enhancing the audience/performer relationship to reflect the philosophy and aesthetic of the BAC," said Stanford Makishi, executive director of BAC.
The phrase "based on a conception of Jerome Robbins" appeared right under the title of 1957's West Side Story, in addition to a box stating "entire production directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins.
In Dance with Demons, Jerome Robbins is described as a man who clearly took delight in humiliating his colleagues--who would single out a "whipping boy" on most projects he was involved with and ride him (or, in some cases, her) to the breaking point.
From the disheveled youth sprawled next to Betty Comden and her typewriter in 1944 to the frail but beaming old man rehearsing with Baryshnikov a half-century later, we see Jerome Robbins at his best: hard at work, his demons temporarily allayed, if never quite laid to rest.
The Jerome Robbins Theater will be one of the most technologically-advanced theaters in New York City when the renovation process is complete as well as a wonderful environment for audience," said Marty Kapell, of WASA/ Studio A.
One of her favorite experiences in dance, she says, was a work she lit in 1973 for Jerome Robbins in Spoleto, Italy.
The founding troika of New York City Ballet - Balanchine, Kirstein and choreographer Jerome Robbins - all have died, but their legacy lives.
While some of the original creators were gay (Arthur Laurents, who conceived the show and wrote the book, Stephen Sondheim, who wrote the lyrics, and Jerome Robbins, who directed and choreographed), the composer, Jule Styne, was not, and the current director, Sam Mendes (who directed the film American Beauty), is not.
West Side Story * Starring Natalie Wood, Richard Beymer, Rita Moreno, and George Chakiris * Screenplay by Ernest Lehman, based on Arthur Laurents's libretto * Directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins * Music by Leonard Bernstein * Lyrics by Stephen Sondheim * MGM Home Entertainment
Mitchell says of Jerome Robbins, "I photographed him in 1989.