Jersey cattle

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Jersey cattle,

breed of dairy cattle native to the island of Jersey in the English Channel. Jerseys, smallest of the dairy breeds, are usually a shade of fawn or cream, although darker shades are common. The lighter colors are attributed to Norman ancestors, while the darker cattle are thought to have descended from breeds native to Brittany. Jerseys are adaptable to many environments and are now found throughout the world. They were first brought to the United States c.1850, and soon became one of the most popular breeds. The high butterfat content of their milk—useful in the production of cheese—has led to an increase of the number of Jersey cattle in recent years, despite an overall decline in the dairy cattle population.

Jersey Cattle

 

a breed of dairy cow bred in England (the island of Jersey) by improving the local Normandy and Brittany cattle and selecting for fat properties. Inbreeding was widely used, and as a result, the breed’s delicate, dry, and sometimes overdeveloped constitution has been reinforced. The animals have a broad, indented forehead, well-developed eye sockets, and a short facial skull area; the neck is long and smooth; the chest is deep but narrow; the withers are often sharp and high; the ribs slanted and rounded; the loins are long; and the rump broad. There are often flaws in the animals’ exterior or constitution. The coloring ranges from light chestnut and fawn to dark brown. The bulls weigh 600-700 kg, and the cows, 360-400 kg. The cows’ milk yield is an average of 3,500 kg per year, and the fat content of the milk is 5-6 percent.

Jersey cattle are raised in England, the USA, Denmark, New Zealand, Canada, France, and Australia, among other countries. They were first imported to the USSR in 1947. Jersey bulls are crossbred with cows of other dairy breeds in order to increase the fat content.

REFERENCES

Dzherseiskii skot. Moscow [1957]. (Translated from English.) Merkur’eva, E. K. Dzherseiskii skot i ego pomesi v SSSR. Moscow, 1961.
Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.

E. K. MERKUR’EVA

References in classic literature ?
A verandah at the south side gave on to a garden and two tennis courts, separated by a tasteful iron fence from a most park-like meadow of five or six acres, where two Jersey cows grazed.
After all, the Jersey cow has never been modest about personal hygiene.
Two stalls for horses, one for our Jersey cow, Ginger.
Among the participants last year was Alexis Cournoyer, who is holding the lead of Zora, a Jersey cow.
The brown Jersey cow called Swissy still produces 30 litres a day at Kingswood Farm, Forden, near Welshpool in Powys.
The range, launched this month and featuring 100% Jersey cow milk, will be stocked in Sainsbury's and Harvey Nichols' Scottish stores.
Children are also being given the chance to try their hand at Jersey cow milking.
Charles Reader leading his Jersey cow, Barn Owl Fanfares Camamile
PHOTO Debra, a Jersey cow, licks her nose to the delight of Jeremy Faille, 9, and Jacob Miller at the Festival of Student Achievement and Health Fair held Sunday at Columbus Middle School.
The Thomases also claimed the reserve prize with another third calver, the August-calved Jersey cow Goitre Fach Deuges.
That farm was recently in the news, having supplied Suzanne, a Jersey cow, for a raw milk demonstration on Boston Common in conjunction with a Department of Agricultural Resources hearing on changes in raw milk regulations.
Four-year-old Gareth Trehearn of Rhyl rides Jersey cow Colomendy Epic at Denbigh and Flint Show parade on August 15 1989; Children sit on a crowded see-saw at a Royal Welsh Show - were you one of them?

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