Jespersen, Jens Otto Harry


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Jespersen, Jens Otto Harry

 

Born July 16, 1860, in Randers; died Apr. 30, 1943, in Copenhagen. Danish linguist.

Jespersen became an English-language professor at the University of Copenhagen in 1893. His textbook on English (1895), published in 19 editions, was based on lively everyday speech. In The Philosophy of Grammar (1924), Jespersen revealed his concept of grammar as an active and developing entity. He introduced the “theory of progress” in language, maintaining that all linguistic changes serve to simplify communication and are therefore progressive. Jespersen devised the international artificial language Novial. His works have influenced 20th-century linguistics.

WORKS

Lehrbuch der Phonetik. Leipzig-Berlin, 1904.
Modern English Grammar, vols. 1–7. London, 1909–49.
Language: Its Nature, Development, and Origin. London, 1922.
An International Language. London, 1928.
Linguistica. London, 1933.
In Russian translation:
Filosofiia grammatiki. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCE

Lozovskaia, G. S. Otto Espersen. Bibliography, introduction by E. S. Kubriakova. Moscow, 1963.

V. V. RASKIN