Jewish Autonomous Region


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Jewish Autonomous Region

or

Birobidzhan

(bērōbējän`), autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan. The region is bounded on the south by China (Heilongjinag prov.) and on the north by the Bureya and Hinggan (Khingan) mts., which yield gold, tin, iron ore, and graphite. Mining, agriculture (chiefly on the Amur plain), lumbering, and light manufacturing are the major economic activities.

Formed in 1928 to give Soviet Jews a home territory and to increase settlement along the vulnerable borders of the Soviet Far East, the area was raised to the status of an autonomous region in 1934. The Jewish population peaked in 1948 at about 30,000 (one fourth of the total population). Despite some remaining Yiddish influences—including a Yiddish newspaper—Jewish cultural activity in the region has declined enormously since Stalin's anticosmopolitanism campaigns and since the liberalization of Jewish emigration in the 1970s. Jews now make up less than 2% of the region's population.

Jewish Autonomous Region

an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop.: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq. km (13 895 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
On 7 May 1934, in an effort to make the project more attractive to Soviet Jews, Moscow declared Birobidzhan a Jewish Autonomous Region (Oblast), with the promise that when Jews would number at least 100,000, or form a majority of the total population, it would become a Soviet republic.
Nearly 30,000 people have been affected by floods in three regions in Russia's Far East - the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region - following heavy rains that caused the Amur River to burst its banks.
Nearly 28,500 people have been affected by floods in three regions in Russia's Far East -- the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region -- following heavy rains.
Open Competition: Providing aviation services to monitor fire danger in forests and forest fires, as well as forest fires in the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region in 2015 OSAU forest protection EAO

Full browser ?