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state (2001 provisional pop. 26,909,428), 30,775 sq mi (79,714 sq km), E central India; created in 2000 from S BiharBihar
or Behar
, state (2001 provisional pop. 82,878,796), 36,420 sq mi (94,328 sq km), E central India. Patna is the capital. Bihar is bounded by Nepal (N) and by Indian states—West Bengal (E), Jharkhand (S), and Uttar Pradesh (W).
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, which now forms its northern border. Other bordering states are Chhattisgarh (W), West Bengal (E), and Odisha (Orissa; S). The capital is RanchiRanchi
, city (1991 pop. 614,795), capital of Jharkhand state, E central India. It is a district administrative center and a health resort, 2,128 ft (647 m) above sea level, in a region of tea plantations and rich coal deposits.
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. Part of the Chotanagpur plateau and a generally hilly region, Jharkhand rises to its greatest height (4,480 ft/1,365 m) in the Parasnath Hills of the east and has two major rivers, the Damodar and the Sawarnrekha. The state is a great source of India's mineral wealth with about a third of the nation's coal deposits as well as quantities of copper, mica, bauxite, quartz, chromite, dolomite, titanium, uranium, gold, and many others. Iron ore is found in the south and is processed at steelworks in Jamshedpur and Bokaro. In addition, the state has mines, factories, and large timber reserves from the forests that cover nearly 30% of its area. Its arable land produces various kinds of fruits and vegetables. Despite these resources, by the beginning of the 21st cent. the state was underdeveloped. The population is characterized by a large number of non-Hindu tribal peoples, many of them from the aboriginal Santal group. A movement advocating the separation of this culturally distinct region from the state of Bihar began in the early years of the 20th cent., recurred a number of times, peaked during the 1980s, and sparked violence in the 1990s.
References in periodicals archive ?
No such effects were seen among sample subjects residing in Bihar and Jharkand, in the northern part of the country, which is characterized by greater gender inequality.
3 (01) Figure-1: Availability of specialists, medical officers and nursing staff across seven designated FRUs, Jharkand, 2009-11 Post Pre Required Nurse 38 31 49 Medical Officers 67 37 28 Pathologist 5 1 7 Surgeon 4 0 7 Anesthesiologist 2 1 7 Pediatrician 5 3 7 Obstetrician 5 1 7 Note: Table made from bar graph.
Notably, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh (two adjoining States in India) are separated from the Indian States of West Bengal, Sikkim and Meghalaya by the Indian States of Orissa, Jharkand, and Bihar.
Dhoni faced some uncomfortable moments against Tambe, but it was Rahul Shukla who got the big wicket in the next over, one relatively unknown Jharkand player trapping Dhoni, the state's most illustrious personality, in front to end a short stay, leaving Chennai 54 for 4 in the tenth over.
Among the workers was Kokvil Mathur, 25, from Jharkand in India, who said as he clutched his parcel: "Arjun came, that was enough, but then he also gave us this gift.
Partnering with the Catholic Medical Mission Board, CHAI is conducting a Leprosy Programme in Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
The procurement agency will very shortly cover local gajjar variety from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkand to ensure remunerative prices to farmers.
The Indian state of Jharkand has announced a plan to offer Kerala-style ayurvedic tourism.
Thackeray accused outsiders from the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkand and Bihar of stirring up trouble.
Tata Motors Limited (NYSE: TTM), an India-based automaker, has provided five mine-protected vehicles to the police in Jharkand, a state in eastern India.
The agency's expectations were backed by the firm's entry into new markets like Bihar and Jharkand coupled with the consolidation of its existing position in West Bengal market.
In the last few years the movement has grown exponentially in numerous states in India including West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkand, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.