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state (2001 provisional pop. 26,909,428), 30,775 sq mi (79,714 sq km), E central India; created in 2000 from S BiharBihar
or Behar
, state (2001 provisional pop. 82,878,796), 36,420 sq mi (94,328 sq km), E central India. Patna is the capital. Bihar is bounded by Nepal (N) and by Indian states—West Bengal (E), Jharkhand (S), and Uttar Pradesh (W).
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, which now forms its northern border. Other bordering states are Chhattisgarh (W), West Bengal (E), and Odisha (Orissa; S). The capital is RanchiRanchi
, city (1991 pop. 614,795), capital of Jharkhand state, E central India. It is a district administrative center and a health resort, 2,128 ft (647 m) above sea level, in a region of tea plantations and rich coal deposits.
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. Part of the Chotanagpur plateau and a generally hilly region, Jharkhand rises to its greatest height (4,480 ft/1,365 m) in the Parasnath Hills of the east and has two major rivers, the Damodar and the Sawarnrekha. The state is a great source of India's mineral wealth with about a third of the nation's coal deposits as well as quantities of copper, mica, bauxite, quartz, chromite, dolomite, titanium, uranium, gold, and many others. Iron ore is found in the south and is processed at steelworks in Jamshedpur and Bokaro. In addition, the state has mines, factories, and large timber reserves from the forests that cover nearly 30% of its area. Its arable land produces various kinds of fruits and vegetables. Despite these resources, by the beginning of the 21st cent. the state was underdeveloped. The population is characterized by a large number of non-Hindu tribal peoples, many of them from the aboriginal Santal group. A movement advocating the separation of this culturally distinct region from the state of Bihar began in the early years of the 20th cent., recurred a number of times, peaked during the 1980s, and sparked violence in the 1990s.
References in periodicals archive ?
Secretary Mines, Balvinder Kumar, Principal Secretary to Chief Minister Jharkhand Sanjay Kumar, and other senior officials of Ministry of Mines, Jharkhand government & related PSUs also attended the meeting.
A movement started in 1949 and gained momentum in 1972 when Shibu Soren founded the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (Free Jharkhand Movement).
Hemant Soren became the fifth CM of the state after Babulal Marandi (once), Arjun Munda (thrice), Shibu Soren (thrice) and Madhu Koda (once) in the 13 years since Jharkhand got statehood.
Chapter 4 examines the complex relationship that the adivasis have with forests and nature, something that has been instrumentally lionized and essentialized by the activists in Jharkhand.
The Congress is the senior partner in Jharkhand, winning six of the 14 seats in Jharkhand in 2004, against the four seats won by the JMM.
Commenting, M P Singh, Vice President Mining, Mergers and Acquisitions at ArcelorMittal said: "This is a good beginning towards the realisation of our Jharkhand and Orissa projects, which will both bring considerable economic benefits to India and the states of Jharkhand and Orissa in particular.
It is approximated that the Natural Gas demand in Jharkhand can reach 8.
The states that have migrant population from Jharkhand include Maharashtra, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Bengaluru and Gujarat.
The Jharkhand government was quick to dispatch a team of officials to Kerala as soon as media reports appeared, highlighting the plight of the children and the callous manner in which they were packed into train compartments and sent to Kerala.
Welcoming news of the clear majority win of the BJP and the NDA in the 2014 general elections, senior BJP leader from Jharkhand, Vinod Sinha, told ANI exclusively over phone on Friday, that the expected win in Jharkhand has been achieved on the promise of development, especially in areas that have been repeatedly and consistently ravaged by Naxalism.
Nasdaq: NGRU) announced its wholly owned subsidiary, netGuru India, was awarded an "e-governance" contract by the information technology department of the government of Jharkhand, one of 27 states in India, to develop "Jharkhand Online," a communications portal to increase communication and interaction with the public.