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Jhelum(jā`lo͝om), town (1981 pop. 92,646), NE Pakistan, on the Jhelum River. Located on the main railroad and road on Punjab piedmont plain, it is an important market for timber, and has sawmills and plywood, textile, cigarette, and glass industries. An army supply corps training center and two colleges are also in the town. The area's history dates back at least to the 3d cent. B.C. Old Jhelum stood on the left bank of the river; boatmen crossed the river (c.1532) and founded the new town on the right bank.
Jehlam(both: jā`ləm), westernmost of the five rivers of the PunjabPunjab
[Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the same name. The Indus River bounds the region in part of the west and the Yamuna River in part of the east.
..... Click the link for more information. , 480 mi (772 km) long. Rising in Jammu and Kashmir, India, it flows W through the Vale of Kashmir, S through Pakistan-occupied foothills, then SW across Punjab to the ChenabChenab
, one of the "five rivers" of the Punjab, 675 mi (1,086 km) long, rising in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and flowing NW through the Kashmir Himalayas, then SW through Pakistani Punjab to join the Sutlej River. The Ravi and Jhelum rivers are the chief tributaries.
..... Click the link for more information. River. The Lower Jhelum Canal (opened 1901) and the Upper Jhelum Canal (1915) irrigate extensive areas of Pakistani Punjab. The Mangla Dam and Reservoir (1960) has greatly improved irrigation along the river's lower course, as well as supplying extensive hydroelectric power. The Jhelum was crossed in 326 B.C. by Alexander the Great, who defeated the Indian king Porus. The river's ancient name was Hydaspes.
a city in Pakistan in Punjab Province, on the Jhelum River (Indus River basin). Population, 52,600 (1961). Jhelum is a transportation junction, and railroad shops are located there. It is the final point for floating lumber and has lumber storage houses. River boats are built in Jhelum, which also has food and pottery enterprises.
a river in India and Pakistan, a tributary of the Chenab River of the Indus basin. Length, 810 km (720 km according to other information); basin area, 55,300 sq km. The Jhelum’s sources are in the Pir Panjal Range (the Outer Himalayas). In its upper reaches, it crosses the Vale of Kashmir and passes through Wular Lake. There the Jhelum has a tranquil course and is navigable. Lower down, it cuts through the foremost range of the Himalayas with a deep gorge and comes out onto the Indo-Gangetic Plain, where it again becomes navigable. The average flow rate of water is 895 cu m/per sec but during the summer monsoons it is over 20,000 cu m per sec. The Jhelum feeds an extensive network of irrigation canals. The cities of Srinagar, Jhelum, Bhera, and Khushab are located on the Jhelum River.