Jiang Qing

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Jiang Qing


Chiang Ch'ing

(both: jyäng jĭng), 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
..... Click the link for more information.
. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and changed her name to Lan Ping in 1938 when beginning an acting career, joining the Communist party the same year. In 1939, she married Mao Zedong and thereafter remained in the background of Chinese Communist affairs until the outbreak of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1966–76). Appointed deputy director (1966) of the Cultural Revolution, she incited radical youths against senior party and government officials, and replaced nearly all earlier works of art with revolutionary Maoist works. A member of the politburo (1969–76), she was one of the most powerful political figures during Mao's last years. For her role in the Cultural Revolution she was arrested (Oct., 1976) by Hua GuofengHua Guofeng
or Hua Kuo-feng
, 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier in 1975. As Mao Zedong's designated heir, he became premier following Zhou Enlai's death (Jan.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Mao's successor, and sentenced to die (later commuted to life imprisonment). Her death was reported as a suicide by the Chinese government.


See R. Witke, Comrade Chiang Ch'ing (1977) and R. Terrill, The White-boned Demon (1989).

Jiang Qing

, Chiang Ch'ing
1913--91, Chinese Communist actress and politician; widow of Mao Tse-tung. She was a leading member of the Gang of Four
References in periodicals archive ?
From Jiang Qing to today, what government official's family member has been given an actual death sentence for committing a serious crime?
Mao's wife, Jiang Qing, and her infamous Gang of Four, played a major role in the persecution of the Chinese populace.
Finnane also brings to light a little-known sartorial fiasco of the early 1970s--a v-necked, pleated dress that was promoted by Mao Zedong's wife, Jiang Qing, but failed to attract wearers, even when marked down to four Chinese dollars.
And then there are the politicians: German communist Rosa Luxembourg; Eleanor Roosevelt, arguably the US's greatest ever First Lady; Jiang Qing, who married China's Chairman Mao and went on to become a member of the notorious Gang of Four; Eva Perun, who inspired first Argentina and later a blockbusting musical; and Benazir Bhutto, in Pakistan, the first woman to lead a Muslim country in the modern era.
The Gang of Four, including Mao's wife, Jiang Qing, ousted future strongman Deng Xiaoping in 1976.
During China's Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and '70s, Mao Zedong's wife, Jiang Qing, took control of the ``cultural'' part.
Mao's wife, the former actress Jiang Qing, was the spearhead of the Cultural Revolution, part of the infamous "Gang of Four," and rates as one of the most spectacularly awful women in history.
In Watching the Play, 2004, Li transforms a famous photograph of President Nixon and Jiang Qing (a political live wire who was also Mao's second wife) into a kaleidoscopic patchwork that blurs the line between mark making and figuration.
The relationship with Mao was obviously important to Ding Ling herself, although later she became concerned that she had offended Jiang Qing by accidentally missing her marriage to Mao, although it seems more likely to me that Jiang Qing had different reasons for being wary of this writer her husband so greatly admired.
During the eventful but ultimately destructive Cultural Revolution in China, there were attempts to stifle this traditional art form by factions led by Mao Zedong's wife, Jiang Qing.
In the Cultural Revolution, Huang and his wife, Yu Feng, ran afoul of Jiang Qing, who had them imprisoned for seven years.