Jidda


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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
State 171544 to Addis Ababa, Mogadiscio, Nairobi and Jidda (not Khartoum), 062245Z Aug 74]
Women in Saudi Arabia see other women in the Middle East making revolutions, women in Yemen and Egypt at the forefront of revolutions, being so bold, toppling entire governments," says Waleed Abu Alkhair, whose wife drove around the city of Jidda in protest.
The cofounder of the Service Bureau was Osama Bin Laden, a fabulously rich young Saudi whom Azzam had met in Jidda.
The port of Jidda was attacked by 3,500 Arabs on 10 June 1916 with the assistance of seaplanes and naval gunfire support from British warships; the Ottoman garrison surrendered five days later.
But the reality of life in Jidda soon became suffocating, and she and her daughter soon left.
She accompanied her husband to postings in Paris, Kobe, Tokyo, Nicosia, London, Jidda, Rangoon and Hong Kong.
Khawaja writes too easily of "a theological-political conception that finds resonance wherever disaffected Muslims reside--be it Jidda, Jakarta, or Jersey City" (p.
Sharif flew in to the Saudi port city of Jidda after his deportation.
The ceremony proper commenced when the secretary of state, Ahmed Baba Jidda, a former ambassador to Burkina Faso, asserted in the opening remarks that the return of democracy had opened a new chapter in the history of the state.
Perhaps the only reason she is able to speak out, do her work, and actually create this dialogue is that she is living in Haifa and not Gaza, Nablus, Damascus, Jidda, Amman, Cairo, Tehran, or Basra.
See also Dulles to Embassy in Jidda, 27 August 1957, RG 59, 683.
There the fleet typically broke up into smaller flotillas, sailing for exotic ports such as Aden, Hormuz, Jidda, and even modern-day Kenya.