Jidda


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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lovett, who added one crucial point--the United States government would not accept any payment from the pilgrims in return for the flight to Jidda.
US Department of State, secret telegram to Secretary of State from Jidda containing letter from King Saud, 25 July 1955, State Dept.
Women in Saudi Arabia see other women in the Middle East making revolutions, women in Yemen and Egypt at the forefront of revolutions, being so bold, toppling entire governments," says Waleed Abu Alkhair, whose wife drove around the city of Jidda in protest.
Khawaja writes too easily of "a theological-political conception that finds resonance wherever disaffected Muslims reside--be it Jidda, Jakarta, or Jersey City" (p.
Sharif flew in to the Saudi port city of Jidda after his deportation.
The ceremony proper commenced when the secretary of state, Ahmed Baba Jidda, a former ambassador to Burkina Faso, asserted in the opening remarks that the return of democracy had opened a new chapter in the history of the state.
The Saudi generation coming of age that decade -- including Osama bin Laden, who graduated from a Jidda university in 1979 -- straddled an ancient world into which they were born, and a dazzling new one.
I would like to thank Michael Bross, Jidda Hassan, and Mohammad Munkaila for providing extra data and for checking on the Nigerian Arabic and Hausa translations.
Once completed, the plant is expected to serve as the core power supply station for the western part of the kingdom, including the nearby city of Jidda.
Ambassador Ransom was a Middle East area specialist, having served in posts in Tehran, Beirut and Jidda.
on July 5, while the ship was traveling to the port of Jidda in Saudi Arabia from Suez, the officials said.
He left his home in the Asir region more than a year ago, his father, Muhammad Al Shehri told the Arab News, an English language newspaper in Jidda.