Jidda

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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Saudis will host a meeting of crude-producing and consuming nations in Jiddah on June 22 to discuss how to control soaring prices.
The king believes that the current oil prices are abnormally high, and he is ready to restore prices to their appropriate levels," Ban told reporters in Jiddah.
Perceptions aside, disarmament had been the goal of a long, patient conversation, dating back to secret negotiations between the United States and Libya in 1992 over the Lockerbie crash, to Bandar's meeting with Tenet and McLaughlin in 1998 in Jiddah, to Ben Bonk's liaison with Musa Kousa on intelligence issues in the months after 9/11.
Meeting in the western city of Jiddah, Prince Abdullah, who is effectively the leader of Saudi Arabia, expressed approval of Komura's visit as special envoy to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi as showing the importance Japan is placing on the Middle East.
The Airbus A310 aircraft was on the runway at Jiddah airport, Saudi Arabia, preparing for takeoff when the pilot detected an engine problem.
Last Sunday Mr al-Bayoumi was interviewed for the first time by the FBI in the Red Sea port of Jiddah, where he now lives.
The Red Sea port of Jiddah was the focus of the new alert and families of American diplomats were temporarily rehoused.
The Saudi Arabian Airlines plane was heading from the Sudanese capital Khartoum to Jiddah.
SAUDI ARABIA: IndianShahnaz Babu Mohammed Ali was beheaded in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, for murdering three women.
1 Cardiff, UK 2 Gibraltar 3 Valletta, Malta 4 Suez, Egypt 5 Jiddah, Saudi Arabia 6 Aden, Yemen 7 Salalah, Oman 8 Mumbai, India 9 Trivandrum, India 10 Galle, Indonesia 11 Singapore 12 Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei 13 Manilla, Phillipines 14 Okinawa, Japan 15 Yokohama, Japan 16 Hokkaido, Japan 17 Petropavlovsk, Russia 18 Adak Island, USA 19 Kodiak, USA 20 Queen Charlotte, Canada 21 Eureka, USA 22 San Diego, USA 23 San Jose del Cabo, Mexico 24 Acapulco, Mexico 25 Sipacate, Guatemala 26 Panama 27 Kingston, Jamaica 28 Ft Lauderdale, USA 29 Wilmington, USA 30 Halifax, Canada 31 St Johns, Canada 32 Horta, Azores 33 Gibraltar 34 Cardiff, UK
The transplanted womb had to be removed after 99 days due to blood clots, reported Wafa Fageeh, MD and colleagues at the King Fahad Hospital in Jiddah in the March issue of the International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.
Dr Wafa Fageeh, a professor at Abdulaziz University who performed the transplant with her team at King Fahad Hospital and Research Centre in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, called the operation "a good start".