Jimson weed


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Jimson weed

or

Jamestown weed,

large, coarse annual plant (Datura stramonium) of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), native to warm-temperate and tropical regions of the New World, but long widely distributed and often weedy. This and other species of the genus contain a narcotic poison, stramonium, similar to that of the related belladonna, that has been used by many peoples for various purposes, e.g., as a medicine (now chiefly inhaled for the relief of asthma or applied externally as a painkiller) and in the past as a poison and an instrument for obtaining prophetic dreams or messages in various tribes. The amusing antics of soldiers in colonial Virginia who ate Jimson weed have been recorded for history. Stramonium, comprised of several alkaloids (e.g., scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
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, atropineatropine
, alkaloid drug derived from belladonna and other plants of the family Solanaceae (nightshade family). Available either as the tincture or extract of belladonna, or as the pure substance atropine sulfate, it is a depressant of the parasympathetic nervous system.
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, and hyoscyamine), may also be obtained from some other species of Datura. Scopolamine is used as a sedative. Jimson weed is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of biologically active compounds in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum), and jimson weed (Datura stramonium) seeds.
Teenagers with jimson weed (Datura stramonium) poisoning.
The 15-year-old boy testified that he went with friends to buy one jimson weed pod and [he seeds from two others from Faber for $5.
Myth as history: the Jimson Weed cycle of the Huichols of Mexico, Anthropologica 17: 3-39.
Central anticholinergic syndrome due to jimson weed physostigmine: therapy revisited?
The dangers of jimson weed and its abuse by teenagers in the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia.
In low doses, powders prepared from Datura, also called jimson weed, cause restlessness, disorientation, hallucinations, and high fever.
A 15-year-old girl was hospitalized and two others received medical treatment after they unknowingly drank from a bottle of ice tea laced with hallucinogenic jimson weed, officials said Thursday.
This species also includes tobacco, poisonous belladonna, and the toxic plants herbane, mandrake, and jimson weeds.