Jiyuto

Jiyuto

 

(Rikken Jiyuto), a constitutional liberal party, the first political party in Japan. The party was founded in October 1881 around the radical intelligentsia, liberal landowners, and the urban and rural bourgeoisie. From 1882 to 1884 there were several antigovernment demonstrations led by the left wing of the Jiyuto and supported by the peasantry. In October 1884 the party was disbanded. There was a noticeable shift to the right among the former members of Jiyuto. In 1890 the party was reestablished, and after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 it began to reflect the interests of several groups of the powerful bourgeoisie (especially the Mitsui group) who were linked with the landowners. In June 1898, Jiyuto joined with Simpoto (the party of the large bourgeoisie) to form the Kenseito Party. In 1900, Kenseito served as the basis for the landowner-bourgeois party Seyukai.

References in periodicals archive ?
His party, Jiyuto (Liberal Party), had only about 30 members when it merged with the DPJ.
At first, Japanese officials in the coalition government of the Shimpoto (Progressive) and Jiyuto (Liberal) parties were very favorably disposed to the Philippine request.
and Jiyuto (Liberal Party) leader Ichiro Ozawa, who orchestrated the implementation of the question-time system.
They went on to build up Japan once more from ruination and became the puppeteers of Japan's political structure from their powerbase in the Jiyuto (Liberal Party).
Such debates are a pillar of the system under the law to activate Diet deliberations, which was enacted in 1999 after Ozawa -- then the head of now defunct Jiyuto (Liberal Party) -- encouraged then Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi to establish such a practice in the Diet.
In 1947 he did enter the Diet as a representative of the Jiyuto (Liberal Party) under the leadership of Shigeru Yoshida (1878-1967).
There was also a rumor that the Minshuto leadership at the time, led by party president Naoto Kan, gave special consideration to Ichiro Ozawa, former Jiyuto (Liberal Party) leader, the party that merged with Minshuto late last September.
Ozawa's group--largely those who belonged to Jiyuto (Liberal Party) before the party merged with Minshuto a year ago--is keeping its distance from Okada.
Many members of the largest opposition party, Minshuto (Democratic Party of Japan) -- mainly those who previously belonged to Jiyuto (Liberal Party) -- favor the proposal.
As seen in the merger of Minshuto and Jiyuto (Liberal Party) just prior to the dissolution of the lower house, there have been a series of changing party alignments, and many Diet members have switched parties.
Minshuto (Democratic Party of Japan) set sail as a new party after merging with the smaller opposition Jiyuto (Liberal Party), dogged by uncertainty over its basic policies as a party.
With the rebirth of Minshuto, following its recent merger with Jiyuto (Liberal Party), a two-party system has emerged.