Jizya


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Jizya

 

a poll tax paid by the non-Muslim population in the Arabian Caliphate and then in other Muslim states. The jizyawas levied on men who had reached their majority; women, children, old men, slaves, poor people, and monks were exempted. Payment was made mainly in money but also in kind. In the Ottoman Empire thejizya existed until the end of the 18th century, when it was merged with the haraj.

REFERENCE

“Djizya.” In Encyclopédic de I Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Pairs, 1965. Pages 573-81.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ben Hubbard and Hwaida Saad, "Dozens of Syrian Christians Missing From Town Attacked by ISIS," New York Times, August 8, 2015; For the jizya agreement, see for example Jack Moore, "ISIS Forces Christians To Live Under Its Rules in Syrian Town After Release," Newsweek, September 4, 2015; The Islamic State would later release a video in early October 2015 showing this ceremony and warning all "Crusaders," that they should give up the fight and either convert to Islam or live under the Islamic State and pay the jizya.
Ibn Hawqal concluded his section on Syria with a pessimistic prediction that Byzantine rule and the jizya levied on Muslims would lead many of the people of Syria to abandon Islam: "Most of its people remained, while they accepted jizya from them, and I think they will convert to Christianity, disdaining the humiliation of the jizya and greedy to obtain provisions for honor and comfort.
Fierce clashes erupted in the early morning and the Islamic State fighters were repelled," Abou Jizya added.
Early in February, according to Assyrian groups inside and outside Syria, came a declaration from the Islamic State that Christians in a string of villages along the Khabour River in the Syrian province of Hasaka would have to take down their crosses and pay the jizya, traditionally paid in gold.
The opinion of Imam Shafi'i and some other fuqaha is even more extreme in this regard--they argue that only Ahl-e Kitab or 'People of the Book' [Christians and Jews] can be permitted to stay alive in exchange for paying the jizya, and that all other non-Muslims must accept either Islam or death.
Nevertheless before the colonial intervention non-Muslim religious communities called dhimmis paid the jizya or protection tax and were entitled to internal autonomy in the Ottoman Empire and elsewhere in Muslim societies.
Terrorists want us to pay Jizya "tribute" for being Christians or to leave the country," she lamented.
US Defence Secretary Hagel And Iraq's Sunni Defence Minister Khaled Al-Ubeidi (From A Large Arab Tribe) Have Agreed To Mount A Bigger Offensive On The Rogue Caliphate' Of Abu-Bakr Al-Baghdadi, An Ex- Saddam Soldier And A Crook Who Says The Trans-National ISIS Network Will Keep Sacrificing Many Generations Until We Force The Whole World To Become Neo-Salafi Muslim, With Those Resisting To Be Killed And The Ones Who Pay The Jizya To Obey Their Masters As The Slaves Do'
Dhimmis are non-Muslims who live in a Muslim state as "protected" people, allowed to live under greatly diminished legal status and having to pay a special tax, the jizya, that is to make them "feel subdued.
All kufar will have to pay the jizya (protection money) to remain alive.
He further considered measures taken by the so called the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIR) against Christians such as imposing Jizya (protection tax) on them besides discrimination against women a proof that some Muslim actions hurt Islam.
The Islamist insurgent group is abiding by an ancient historic practice of paying taxes, where non-Muslims are to pay jizya to live in Muslim countries.