Maria's notions of the Hidden Isle may grow out of the legends of the land of Cockaigne, the Joachimite
vision of the Third Age, or biblical stories of the Garden of Eden.
Webster systematically explores these points of agreement and their roots in earlier sources such as the Joachimite
apocalyptic tradition and the spirituality of German mystics such as Tauler.
The evangelization of Central Mexico was conceived by the Twelve to be a great step towards the expansion of Christianity that would mark the inauguration of the Joachimite
And if, from a certain standpoint, the humanist view of history as a succession of unique events militated against any determinism (as Ulrich Muhlach points out), nonetheless, a deeply-rooted theism and generally accepted formulae, such as the succession of empires, for organizing human experience into a providential scheme, could easily be reified into a belief in repetitivity, or at least, in the existence of a pattern--and such procedures were by no means limited to the Catholic world, so Leppin argues, analyzing the Chronicon Carionis, replete with observations on the prospects for a society destined since the beginning (as demonstrated in part by a review of the Joachimite
succession of papacies) to undergo the Lutheran reforms.
The Jewish messianism exacerbated by the expulsion from Spain found fertile ground in Christian millenarianism, partly of Joachimite
origin, which had remained latent largely under Franciscan influence, in a convergence that caused growing disquiet in the orthodoxy of the Counter-Reformation.
Further, the books' theological arguments favor heresies, such as the Joachimite
heresy in Les Meteores and Prelat's theory in Gilles et Jeanne that Gilles can find God only through sin.
Nazism took over the classic Joachimite
claim of a third age, a third Rome, a third Reich.
18) And vice versa, not every millenarian movement is necessarily revolutionary, like for example the messianic uprising around the Joachimite
prophet Davide Lazzaretti in Tuscany in the 1870s, studied by Hobsbawm in Primitive Rebels.
For example, he appears to have arranged for the prosecution of the previous head of the order, Blessed John of Parma (a spiritual and Joachimite
who had had to resign by command of the pope), on heresy charges.
Being a member of the Observant branch of the Franciscan Order, the friar was influenced by the Joachimite
views current among Spiritual Franciscans.
In Hegel's Berlin period, when the normative function of Christianity becomes most explicitly associated with Lutheran Protestantism, O'Regan suggests that the Revolution and Terror are accommodated by a teleological historical vision that Hegel derives from the Joachimite
tradition among German Protestants (43, 44).
Four hundred later, Joachimite
doctrines took insurrectionary substance in the Radical Reformation, that combination of egalitarian extremists who resisted existing government and sought to create a heaven on earth.