Johan Christian Clausen Dahl
Dahl, Johan Christian Clausen
Born Feb. 24, 1788, in Bergen; died Oct. 14, 1857, in Dresden. Norwegian painter and graphic artist; founder of Norwegian national landscape painting.
Dahl studied in Bergen (c. 1808) and at the Academy of Art in Copenhagen (from 1811). From 1818 he lived in Dresden (professor at the Academy of Art from 1824). During the summer months he often visited Norway. He came under the influence of German romanticism. He painted mostly rugged mountains and Norway’s turbulent rivers and its quiet valleys and lakes (Stahlheim: Landscape With Rainbow, 1842, the National Gallery, Oslo).