Johanan ben Zakkai

Johanan ben Zakkai

(jōhăn`ən bĕn zăk`āī), leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at JamniaJamnia
, biblical Jabneel and Jabneh [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt.
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. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D. 70 he taught that deeds of loving kindness might replace sacrifice in achieving atonement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, Josephus' counsel was like that of Johanan ben Zakkai, who urged his followers not to revolt against Rome because the Romans allowed them to carry on their way of life when they lived in peace.
For Roth and for Nathan Zuckerman, the narrator, one chooses Yavneh, the center granted by the Romans to Johanan ben Zakkai, who began the arduous practice of preserving Judaism outside Jerusalem, and not the justifiable, military resistance of either Bar Kochba or the Maccabees.
Rankin, 226, assumes that the first Johanan is the mishnaic teacher Johanan ben Zakkai, and not John the Baptist (which latter was Wolfs opinion: 1:479).