Johanan ben Zakkai

Johanan ben Zakkai

(jōhăn`ən bĕn zăk`āī), leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at JamniaJamnia
, biblical Jabneel and Jabneh [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt.
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. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D. 70 he taught that deeds of loving kindness might replace sacrifice in achieving atonement.
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Rankin, 226, assumes that the first Johanan is the mishnaic teacher Johanan ben Zakkai, and not John the Baptist (which latter was Wolfs opinion: 1:479).