Bengel, Johann Albrecht

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht

(yō`hän äl`brĕkht bĕng`əl), 1687–1752, German Lutheran theologian and biblical scholar. He was appointed (1713) professor in charge of a theological training school at Denkendorf and remained there for 28 years. In this period he produced his most important works—a carefully prepared Greek text of the New Testament (1734), with an Apparatus criticus, which formed the point of departure for modern New Testament textual criticism, and his Gnomon Novi Testamenti (1742), an exegetical commentary, later translated into German and English.
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Barth's activities and way of thinking were influenced by the neopietist movement and the doctrine of the eschatological history of salvation from Johann Albrecht Bengel (1687-1752) and Friedrich Christoph Oetinger (1702-1782), the leaders of pietism in Wurttemberg.