Johann Christoph Gottsched


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Johann Christoph Gottsched
Birthday
BirthplaceJuditten, Brandenburg-Prussia
Died

Gottsched, Johann Christoph

 

Born Feb. 2, 1700, in Königsberg; died Dec. 12. 1766, in Leipzig. German author and critic.

Gottsched was a representative of the early German Enlightenment. He edited some moralistic weeklies and collaborated with the theatrical company of Karoline Neuber. A convinced adherent of classicism, Gottsched argued against the extremes of baroque and for clarity and verisimilitude. His principal works were An Attempt at a Critical Poetics for the Germans (1730) and German Theater, by the Rules of Ancient Greece and Rome (vols. 1–6, 1741–45). German translations by Gottsched and his wife of the works of Corneille. Racine, and Molière played a definite role in shaping the German literary language and ideas of enlightenment. However, Gottsched’s servility to those in power and the abstract and lifeless nature of his classicism became a target of ridicule by G. E. Lessing and the writers of the Sturm und Drang school.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–5. Berlin, 1903–06. In Russian translation, in the book by N. V. Gerbel’. Nemetskie poety ν biogra-fiiakh i obraztsakh. St. Petersburg. 1877.

REFERENCE

Reichel, E. Gottsched, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Schöneberg, 1912.

N. E. IAKOVLEVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Johann Christoph Gottsched (1700-1766): Harbinger of German Classicism.
Von Satiren oder Strafgedichten', in Johann Christoph Gottsched Versuch einer critischen Dichtkunst, 4th edn (1751; repr.
He admitted, for example, to having toned down the satire inferr Witzling vieles von demjenigen zu lindern, was etwa aneglich hatte werden konnen' : Johann Christoph Gottsched, Die deutsche Schaubuhne, 6 vols (1741-45; repr.
44) See Johann Christoph Gottsched, 'Leben der weil.
The editors explain this lacuna by the slow development of both authors' reception: that of Johann Christoph Gottsched has been plagued by the fact that he is commonly perceived as the eighteenth century's literary 'dictator', while Luise Adelgunde Gottsched was rediscovered by feminist researchers only in the 1980s ('Vorwort', pp.
The practice of giving is a major theme in the letters Luise Kulmus wrote to Johann Christoph Gottsched during their courtship (1730-1735), and it is this I propose to investigate here.
To outward appearances, the courtship of Luise Adelgunde Victorie Kulmus by Johann Christoph Gottsched was anything but typical of the age.
Die Geschichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft in Leipzig: Von der Grundung bis in die ersten Jahre des Seniorats Johann Christoph Gottscheds.
Johann Christoph Gottsched in seiner Zeit: Neue Beitrage zu Leben, Werk und Wirkung.
This collection on the early Enlightenment reformer of German language and literature Johann Christoph Gottsched contains five articles by three contributors, Detlef Doring, Rudiger Otto, and Michael Schlott.
Edward Potters Studie befasst sich mit der Komodie um 1740, die unter der Federfuhrung Johann Christoph Gottscheds eine Neudefinition erfahrt, um die Theaterlandschaft in den deutschen Landern mit deutschsprachigen Originalstucken zu versorgen.
Im Mittelpunkt seiner Untersuchung steht ein Textkorpus von sechs Stucken, die in jeweils einem Kapitel behandelt werden und verschiedenen Gattungsformen wie der sachsischen satirischen Komodie, dem ruhrenden Lustspiel und dem Schaferspiel zuzurechnen sind, namlich: Hinrich Borkensteins Der Bookesbeutel, Johann Christoph Gottscheds Atalanra, oder die bezwungene Sprodigkeit, Christian Furchtegott Gellerts Die zartlichen Schwestern, Johann Elias Schlegels Der Triumph derguten Frauen, Gotthold Ephraim Lessings Der Misogyne und Theodor Johann Quistorps Der Hypochondrist.