Johann Georg Sulzer


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Sulzer, Johann Georg

 

Born Oct. 16, 1720, in Winterthur, Switzerland; died Jan. 27, 1779, in Berlin. German aesthetician and teacher.

Sulzer moved from Switzerland to Germany in 1743 and taught philosophy at the Berlin Academy of Sciences from 1775. He wrote The Universal Theory of Fine Arts (vols. 1–2, 1771–74), which expounded the basic concepts of aesthetics and various arts in alphabetical order. He stressed the importance of taste and feeling in the influence of art on man. Sulzer’s uninspired moralizing in the spirit of the Bodmer school drew adverse criticism of his works from G. E. Lessing, J. G. Herder, and Goethe.

WORKS

Vermischte philosophische Schriften, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1782–1800.
In Russian translation:
Razgovory o krasote estestva. St. Petersburg, 1777.
O poleznom s iunoshestvom chtenii drevnikh klassicheskikh pisatelei mnenie. Moscow, 1787.
Uprazhneniia k vozbuzhdeniu rnimaniia i razmvshleniia. St. Petersburg, 1801.
Novaia teoriia udovol’stvii. St. Petersburg, 1813.

REFERENCE

Tumarkin, A. Der Asthetiker Johann Georg Sulzer. Frauenfeld, 1933.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Johann Georg Sulzer, Allgemeine Theorie der schonen Kunste, 2 vols.
Drawing on such theorists as Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Georg Sulzer, and Heinrich Koch, Spitzer shows how the metaphor of rhythm and language proceeds from articulation of cadences and phrases through progressively larger forms, culminating in sonata form.
Johann Georg Sulzer and others linked the sketch with the fantasia, noting both the unfinished quality (whether unintentional or stylized) and the impermanence of each.