Johann Kaspar Lavater

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Lavater, Johann Kaspar

 

Born Nov. 15, 1741, in Zürich; died there Jan. 2, 1801. Swiss writer. Wrote in German.

Lavater studied theology and was a minister in Zürich. He is the author of the collection of verses Swiss Songs (1767) and of many works of a religious nature, including the novel Pontius Pilate, or The Small Bible (1782–85), the drama Abraham and Isaac (1776), and the collections of verse Two Hundred Christian Songs (1780) and Poetry (1781). His work, only superficially related to Sturm und Drang, was full of superstitions and irrational tendencies. In the philosophical work Physiognomical Fragments for Encouraging Knowledge and Love of Man (1775–78), Lavater tried to establish a connection between the spiritual nature of man and the structure and outlines of his skull and face.

WORKS

Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1–6. Augsburg-Lindau, 1834–38.
Ausgewählte Schriften, vols. 1–8. Zürich, 1841–44.
In Russian translation:
Nastavleniia (nravouchitel’nye) slugam. St. Petersburg, 1799.

REFERENCES

Muncker, F. J. K. Lavater. Stuttgart, 1883.
Funck, H. J. W. Goethe und Lavater. Weimar, 1907.
Vömel, A. J. K. Lavater, 1741–1801: Ein Lebensbild, 2nd ed. Neukirchen, 1927.
References in periodicals archive ?
2), Johann Lavater, whose name was 'a household word' (p.
Gallen clergyman and professor, Peter Scheitlin (1779-1848); the naturalist Karl Ulysses von Salis-Marschlins (1760-1818) in Chur; the ornithologist and mineral collector Daniel Sprungli (1721-1801) in Stettlen; the mineralogist Johann Ammann (1724-1811) in Schauffenhausen; Johann Lavater (1711-1795) in Zurich; Peter Paul Scali in Geneva; and the Geneva chemist and naturalist Henri Gosse (1753-1816).