Johann Nepomuk Nestroy

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Nestroy, Johann Nepomuk

 

Born Dec. 7, 1801, in Vienna; died May 25, 1862, in Graz. Austrian playwright, actor, and theatrical figure. Studied law. Active in the Austrian revolution of 1848–49.

In 1822, Nestroy made his stage debut at the Vienna court theater as an opera singer. From 1831 to 1854 he acted in dramatic roles. Both a comic actor and an exceptional character actor, Nestroy had an inclination for the grotesque and for improvisation. He was especially successful in his own plays, the first of which was written in 1827. He was the author of satirical comedies of pointed sociopolitical content, which expressed the opposition sentiments of the liberal Austrian bourgeoisie on the eve of the revolution of 1848. Nestroy’s comedies included The Evil Spirit Lumpazivagabundus or the Dissipated Threesome (1833), On the First and Second Floor (1835), A Man Full of Nothing (1846), and Freedom Comes to Krähwinkel (1848). They were original works, closely akin to the folk traditions of farce, and influenced L. Anzengruber and other Austrian dramatists.

WORKS

Sämstliche Werke, vols. 1–15. Edited by O. Rommel and F. Brukner. Vienna, 1924–30.
In Russian translation:
Tuda i siuda, ili Kur’eznyi zaklad. St. Petersburg, 1880.

REFERENCES

Forst-Battaglia, O. Johann Nestroy. Munich, 1962.
Preisner, Rio. Johann Nepomuk Nestroy: Tvŭrce tragické fraŝky. Prague, 1968.
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Other noteworthy authors, represented by one play each, are Georg Buchner (Dantons Tod), Friedrich Hebbel (Judith), Johann Nestroy (Judith und Holofernes), Franz Grillparzer (Konig Ottokars Gluck und Ende), and Karl Lebrecht Immermann (Andreas Hofer).
The ostensible subjects of the essays are the German author, Heinrich Heine (1797-1856), and Austrian playwright, Johann Nestroy (1801-1862).
In defending playwright Johann Nestroy, Kraus--who at the time (1912) was what Franzen considers "substantially conservative"--attacks liberal progress and the "infernal" machinery of mass media which had combined to usher in "a time that has lost the capacity to be a posterity.
Johann Nestroy was a major figure in the history of Viennese theater, but his work is barely remembered elsewhere except as the source for the musical Hello Dolly (by way of Thornton Wilder).
Based on the mid-19th-century Viennese play by Johann Nestroy that begat Thornton Wilder's "The Matchmaker" and Michael Stewart and Jerry Herman's "Hello Dolly
Like the Viennese turn-of-the-century political journalist and poet Karl Kraus, or the nineteenth-century regional playwright Johann Nestroy, Bernhard was a satirist whose literary genius needed the foibles and dirt of his contemporaries in order to take flight; a childlike rage and humor propelled his sentences.
Johann Nestroy und die Vorlagen seiner Stucke (Munich: W.
The richness of the wit has continued to be acknowledged by modern commentators; see, for example, Alberto Destro, L'Intelligenza come struttura drammatica: Saggio su Johann Nestroy, AION, 6 (Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale, 1972), pp.
79, 88, and 105) that Johann Nestroy wrote a comic parody of Tannhauser, but does not expand on that information with each iteration.
Leon De Winter is adapting a script by Viennese playwright Johann Nestroy (and if that name doesn't ring a bell, go back and check out the source for "Hello, Dolly
That's because all three plays were inspired by a comedy by Austrian Johann Nestroy, ``Einen jux will er sich machen (He intends to have a fling).
com" is Peter Wolf and Leon de Winter's updated version of a play by Viennese playwright Johann Nestroy ("Lohengrin").