Johann Stamitz


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Stamitz, Johann

 

(also Jan Václav Antonín Stamic). Born June 19, 1717, in Havlíčkův-Brod; died Mar. 27,1757, in Mannheim. Czech composer, violinist, and conductor.

Stamitz studied music both with his father and at a Jesuit school in Jihlava. He worked in Prague. In 1744 he became first violinist of the Mannheim orchestra and in 1748 the orchestra’s concertmaster and director of chamber music. He made appearances in German cities and in Paris as a virtuoso violinist and conductor. Stamitz was the leader of the Mannheim school of music.

As a performer and composer, Stamitz reflected the artistic ideals of the Enlightenment and the traditions of Czech folk music in his work. He composed 74 symphonies, as well as orchestral trios and instrumental concertos, sonatas, capriccios, duets, and church music. He developed the sonata form and dynamic orchestral effects, introduced dramatic and heroic elements and thematic contrasts, and included French horns and clarinets in the orchestra. His students included his sons Carl and Anton and C. Cannabich.

REFERENCES

Belza, I. Istoriia cheshskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Pospiäil, A. KolemJan Václava Stamice. [Havlícküv-Brod] 1947.
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1743-48), like Friedrich H "the Great," was an accomplished flutist; he named Johann Stamitz (1717-57) concertmaster in 1745, and within two decades Leopold Mozart praised the orchestra as "without doubt, the best in Germany" (p.
Johann Stamitz was influential in the Mannheim School, a group of 18th-century composers in Germany, and helped shape the form of the sonata, paving the way for Haydn's and Mozart's efforts in that genre.
Johann Stamitz contributes a charming Violin Concerto, Anton Filtz a rewarding Cello Concerto (with an andante which surely stayed in Mozart's subconscious for many of his most sombre movements) and Christian Cannabich a richly-scored Sinfonia Concertante with flute, oboe and bassoon as soloists; only one movement of this last-named, however, and the penny-pinching insert throws no light on this - nor indeed anything on this most pleasant release.
229); Johann Stamitz was not in Paris for the first time in 1750 (he means 1751; p.
2 and 6), as well as the concerto currently attributed to Johann Stamitz.
von Gluck, Joseph Haydn (eight symphonies were purchased in 1789, five more arrived in 1792), Antonio Lolli, Ignace Pleyel, Joseph Boulogne Chevalier de Saint-Georges, and Johann Stamitz.