Johann Tobias Mayer
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Mayer, Johann Tobias
Born Feb. 17, 1723, in Marbach (Württemberg); died Feb. 20, 1762, in Göttingen. German astronomer.
A self-taught mathematician and astronomer, Mayer was appointed a professor at the University of Göttingen in 1751. He developed a theory of lunar motion and calculated lunar tables. Mayer created the theory of the transit instrument, whose fundamental formula bears his name. He also compiled a catalog of the positions of 998 zodiacal stars.