Johannes Althusius


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Althusius, Johannes

 

Born 1557 in Diedenshausen; died Aug. 12, 1638, in Emden. German jurist and theorist of law.

Althusius was an ardent Calvinist. In his main work, Politica . . . (1603), Althusius was an early representative of the bourgeois theory of natural law, which he based on the principles of Calvinist theology. Althusius developed the idea of popular sovereignty and argued that the people have the right to overthrow and execute tyrannical rulers (in this respect he was close to the monarchomachs). The work of Althusius was essentially a theoretical justification of the republican system in the northern Netherlands.

WORKS

Politica methodice digesta et exemplis sacris et profanis illustrata. Cambridge, 1932.

REFERENCES

Kovalevskii, M. Ot priamogo narodopravstva k predstavitel’nomu . . ., vol. 2. Moscow, 1906.
Gierke, O. Johannes Althusius .... 5th ed. Meisenheim am Glan, 1958.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Ernst Reibstein, Johannes Althusius als Fortsetzer der Schule von Salamanca: Untersuchungen zur Ideengeschichte des Recht-Staates und zur altprotestantischen Naturrechtslehr (Karlsruhe: C.
Peter Joachen Winters, Die "Politica" des Johannes Althusius und ihre zeitgenossischen Quellen: Zur Grundlegung der politischen Wissenschaft im 16.
Two primary Christian traditions are discussed: Roman Catholicism, with its emphasis on subsidiarity; and Reformed thought, ranging from Calvin and Johannes Althusius to Abraham Kuyper.
A particularly noteworthy example of a sprawling apparatus in an early modern work is available in Johannes Althusius, Dicaeologicae (Herborn: Corvinum, 1617), available at: http://digital.
In this light, Brett ends not with Hobbes but with Johannes Althusius and Juan de Salas, who conceptualize politics in terms of "consociation" or respublica.
The last part of the book offers a synthetic narrative that summarizes the author's more detailed study of primary sources--by John Calvin, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Jerome Zanchi, Johannes Althusius, and Francis Turretin--presented in the preceding chapters.
Johannes Althusius is usually identified as the father of federalism, who was concerned with the division of powers within the sovereign state.
These are neither contractual associations existing under the laws of the sovereign state nor communities governed by natural law but are what Johannes Althusius called "symbiotic associations.
Johannes Althusius, PoliticaMethodice Digesta (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1932), 88.
For centuries, the work of Johannes Althusius (1557-1638) had been underappreciated by the Western world in general.
With penetrating exegesis, Grabill analyzes the development of natural law in John Calvin, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Jerome Zanchi, Johannes Althusius, and Francis Turretin.