Johannes Hevelius


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Hevelius, Johannes

 

(also Hewel or Höwelcke). Born Jan. 28, 1611, in Gdańsk; died there Jan. 28, 1687. Polish astronomer-observer and founder of selenography.

Hevelius built an observatory in Gdansk. He published the first accurate, detailed, and artistically executed maps of the moon (in Selenography or the Description of the Moon [1647], he named many features of the moon’s surface). He also discovered the moon’s optical libration (1647), the phases of Mercury, and four comets and made the first accurate measurement of the sun’s period of rotation. Hevelius constructed sextants, quadrants without optics (for accurate measurements), and refractors (up to 70 m, “aerial tubes” for observations). He compiled (1687) a catalog of 1,564 stars that was more accurate than that of Tycho Brahe and delineated 11 new constellations. In The Celestial Machine (1673) he described his observatory.

WORKS

Atlas zvezdnogo neba. Edited by V. P. Shcheglov. Tashkent, 1968.

REFERENCES

Seleshnikov, S. I. Astronomiia i kosmonavtika. Kiev, 1967.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966. Pages 110-14.

A. I. EREMEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Especially prominent were the sky atlases of the "Big Four" celestial cartographers: Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, and Johann Bode, in order of date.
Then comes the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius, who had recently published his own Moon map, in 1647, featuring a grab bag of royals, religious figures, scientists, and explorers.
All were invented by the famed 17th-century astronomer Johannes Hevelius.
Alpha and Beta Sagittarii in his atlas are drawn huge and brilliant, a mistake only partially corrected by Johannes Hevelius in his later atlas, as seen at left.
But let's now discuss two underappreciated beasts near them that were invented in the 17th century by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius.
IN 1679 A DISASTROUS fire swept through the estate of renowned Danzig astronomer Johannes Hevelius.
That's because the number did not come from Flamsteed's catalog, but rather from Prodromus Astronomiae, the 1690 catalog of Johannes Hevelius.
Lynx was devised by Johannes Hevelius and depicted in his 1687 atlas Firmamentum Sobiescianum.
Seventeenth-century astronomer Johannes Hevelius created Leo Minor from 18 faint stars overlooked in a celestial no man's land between the Lion and the Great Bear.
Subchapters treat the chief players in celestial cartography--Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, and Johann Bode--and the book ends with short biographies of 145 lesser knowns.
Its name, bestowed by Johannes Hevelius in 1662, means "the Marvelous.