Johann Reuchlin

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Reuchlin, Johann

 

Born Feb. 22, 1455, in Pforzheim; died June 30, 1522, in Bad Liebenzell. German humanist.

Reuchlin was an adviser to the Duke of Württemberg. He visited Italy several times and was close to the leaders of what became known as the Platonic Academy (Pico della Mirandola and others). During the last years of his life, he was a professor at the universities of Ingolstadt and Tübingen. Reuchlin was considered to be Germany’s greatest expert in ancient languages—Latin and especially Hebrew and ancient Greek.

In 1509, Reuchlin spoke out against the reactionary Catholic theologians of the University of Cologne, who were demanding the destruction of Hebrew religious books, which he regarded as a source for the study of Christianity. The Dominicans of the university brought about the trial of Reuchlin on a charge of heresy. The struggle that lasted for several years around the “case of the Hebrew books” has become known in history as the Reuchlin controversy. A landmark in the struggle of the humanists in defense of Reuchlin was the Letters of Obscure Men —one of the most brilliant satirical pamphlets of 16th-century pre-Reformation Germany. Reuchlin himself did not agree with the Reformation. He was the author of the satirical comedies Henno and Sergius.

References in periodicals archive ?
O'Callaghan, teacher, translator and researcher, leads us carefully through a historical perspective of Johannes Reuchlin.
He traces it back to the encounter in the vicinity of Strasbourg between Bader and a former Catholic priest, Oswald Leber, who instructed him in the basic conceptions and calculations of the end of the world of the Jewish Cabbala and its reception by the Christian humanist Hebraist Johannes Reuchlin.
Noted for his erudition in the learned tongues--his relative, the great classical scholar Johannes Reuchlin, bestowed Melanchthon on him as the Greek translation of his birth-name Schwartzerd, or "black earth"--Melanchthon's best known work was the Loci theologici.
But readers will also find "visiting" scholars from other fields, some quite unexpected: early-modern historian Anthony Grafton on Johannes Reuchlin and the Kabbalah; pop music critic Greil Marcus on Dada; historian of science Lorraine Daston on Lichtenberg's aphoristic mode; Arthur C.
In the controversy over humanist and Hebraist Johannes Reuchlin, Staupitz and the Augustinians defended Reuchlin, while it was Dominicans at Cologne that accused him of heresy.
Teaching in Italy, France, and Germany, he had influence on such scholars as Johannes Reuchlin, Rudolf Agricola, and Guillaume Postel.
Stow's notarial sources present such a different picture of life in this period, in fact, that one is sometimes jarred by the absence of Johannes Reuchlin, Jacob Mantino, Solomon Molkho, Elijah Levita, and the other figures about whom we are accustomed to hearing in sixteenth-century Roman Jewish life.
123] Rudolf Agricola made Latin versions of Gallus and De calumnis as did Melanchthon and Petrus Moselanus, and Johannes Reuchlin wrote a German version of Dialogi mortuorum xii.
Erik Leibenguth and Robert Seidel translate into German sixteen letters from Agricola to his closest friends and Johannes Reuchlin, and one letter from Reuchlin to Agricola (181-291).