Johannes Stark


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Stark, Johannes

 

Born Apr. 15, 1874, in Schickenhof; died June 21, 1957, in Traunstein. German physicist (Federal Republic of Germany).

Stark became a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Hanover in 1906, at the Technische Hochschule in Aachen in 1909, at the University of Greifswald in 1917, and at the University of Würzburg in 1920. From 1933 to 1939, he was the president of the Reich Physical-Technical Institute in Berlin. Between 1934 and 1936, he was the president of the German Scientific Society.

In 1919, Stark received a Nobel Prize for the discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and for the discovery of the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields (seeSTARK EFFECT). Stark also carried out research in gas discharges. He discovered the deflection of light as it passes through nonuniform electric fields.

During Hitler’s regime, Stark was an active Nazi.

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Just two days before Albert Einstein spoke to the French Philosophical Society on April 6,1922, one of his fiercest German opponents, Johannes Stark, a Nobel Prize physicist, lamented the fact that "since the end of the war the French have suppressed the German people in the most brutal manner .
Perhaps most infamously, the physicist's groundbreaking scientific theories were derided by German Nobel laureates Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark as "Judische Physik" in contradistinction to the superior "Deutsche Physik.
De aqui que Johannes Stark (1874-1957) pidiera a Einstein elaborar una publicacion sintetica y pedagogica sobre la teoria de 1905.
Thus, for instance, such truly mobilized physicists as Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark had a mainly negative influence on their discipline in Germany by chasing out all the Jews and critics of the Nazi regime and creating a so-called German science that rejected all the most important insights of modern physics as Jewish fabrications.