John Alexander Macdonald

Macdonald, John Alexander

 

Born Jan. 11, 1815, in Glasgow, Scotland; died June 6, 1891, in Ottawa. Canadian political leader. He came to Canada with his parents in 1820. A lawyer.

Macdonald was one of the organizers of the Conservative Party (1854). He was active in the movement to unify the British colonies in North America into the Dominion of Canada. Macdonald became the first prime minister of Canada (1867-73); he also occupied this post during the years 1878-91. Representing the interests of Anglo-Canadian capital, the Macdonald government advocated the strengthening of imperial ties, in order to counteract the attempts of the USA to swallow up Canada. In 1879, Macdonald proclaimed the National Policy, the most important elements of which were a transition to protectionism and the construction through government subsidies of a transcontinental railroad (which was built between 1881 and 1885).

References in periodicals archive ?
was John Alexander Macdonald elected prime |minister of Canada?
Vera, who celebrated her 100th birthday on Wednesday, was out walking with her mother on May 22, 1918, when a Sopwith Camel flown by Captain John Alexander Macdonald Allan went into a spin and slammed into the ground.
Caption: Sir John Alexander Macdonald, lawyer, businessman, politician, first prime minister of Canada.
Bob Graham, Lochgelly A He was born Gwyllyn Samuel Newton Ford in 1916 in Quebec, Canada, and was the great-nephew of John Alexander MacDonald, the first Canadian Prime Minister.
The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, the Prime Minister of Canada, whose father had been a Warden of St.
Captain John Alexander Macdonald Allan was serving as a flying instructor when his plane came down in Redcar.