John Bardeen


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Bardeen, John

 

Born May 23, 1908, in Madison. American physicist, one of the founders of the theory of superconductivity.

Bardeen graduated from the University of Wisconsin (1928). From 1945 to 1951 he was an employee of Bell Telephone Laboratories and in 1951 became a professor at the University of Illinois. His basic scientific work was done on the theory of solids and the physics of low temperatures. In 1948, together with W. Brattain and W. Shockley, he made the first transistor. Bardeen was the first to construct the microscopic theory of superconductivity (1957, in collaboration with others). In 1956 he received the Nobel Prize.

WORKS

“Elektroprovodnosf metallov.” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1941, vol. 25, no. 1.
Novoe v izuchenii sverkhprovodimosti. Moscow, 1962. (Translated from English; in collaboration with J. Schiffer.)
References in periodicals archive ?
On December 23, 1947, John Bardeen, who had worked on theory, and Walter Brattain, who had worked on surface properties, demonstrated a device that amplified a speech signal 40 times.
The brilliant work of William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain laid the foundations for the worldwide semiconductor industry that will surpass $257 billion in sales this year," Scalise continued.
Today, Holonyak is the John Bardeen Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics at the University of Illinois, a professorship sponsored by Sony.
The theory is called BCS for its originators, John Bardeen, Leon Cooper and Robert Schrieffer.
Axcelis CTO and John Bardeen Award winner John Poate to deliver
Poate, an Axcelis Fellow and winner of the 2002 John Bardeen Award, will deliver a keynote address focused on the challenges outlined in the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.
John Bardeen and his sisters decided to share his master carving
a John Bardeen Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, with the 2003 IEEE Medal of Honor for his contributions to semiconductors and to visible light-emitting diodes and injection lasers.
Holonyak was the first graduate student of two-time Nobel laureate John Bardeen, a University of Illinois professor who invented the transistor.
professor and John Bardeen Chair of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, as recipient of the 2003 IEEE Medal of Honor.
William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain invented the transistor at Bell Labs in 1947.
Poate, has received the distinguished 2002 John Bardeen Award from The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS), a global science and engineering professional organization.