Jean Buridan

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Buridan, Jean

 

Born circa 1300 in Bethune (Artois); died circa 1358. French philosopher; a representative of nominalism.

Buridan began teaching at the University of Paris in 1328. He contributed to the dissemination in France of Ockham’s philosophy and many concepts of natural science (explanation of the movement of falling bodies and the possibility of unlimited immovable space, for example). Buridan saw the problem of freedom of will as logically insoluble. He did not coin the proverbial expression “Buridan’s ass.”

WORKS

Quaestiones super libris quattuor de caelo et mundo. Cambridge, Mass., 1942.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941. Page 478.
Maier, A. Die Vorläufer Galileis im 14. Jahrhundert. Rome, 1949.
Faral, E. “Jean Buridan, maître ès arts de l’Université de Paris.” In his book Histoire littéraire de la France. Paris, 1950.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Buridan, </Quaestiones Super Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis (Secundum Ultimam Lecturam)</l>: Libri I - II
Apparently much influenced by the thought of John Buridan and William of Ockham in terms of his moral theory, Almain claims in his Moralia that the voluntary is an act or a failure to act that abides in the power of the agent when all the required conditions for acting are present such that it is in the power of the agent to act or not.
Durandus of Saint-Pourcain, William of Alnwick, Walter of Chatton, John Buridan, Peter of Candia), but the weight of the book lies more in the postmedieval period.
John Buridan, aristotelico frances del siglo XIV, se considera generalmente como una de las figuras principales del pensamiento economico escolastico.
The 9 articles of this collection provide a thorough introduction to the history of skepticism in the Middle Ages, with in-depth discussion of the thought of Al-Ghazali, Henry of Ghent, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham, Nicholas of Autrecourt, Albert of Saxony, and the stances against their skepticism taken by John Buridan and Thomas Aquinas.
Meanwhile, in Paris, the rector of the university, John Buridan, struck several blows against the ancient Greek science that he had inherited.
Later in the fourteenth century, John Buridan remarks that "substantial forms, rather than the accidents conjoined to them, are the principal active principles in the changes and rests to which the forms are suited" (QPhys.
It analyzed Leonardo's debts to medieval scientists like John Buridan, Albert of Saxony and Nicolas Oresme, and then went on to the scientific impact of Leonardo's writings on subsequent investigators.
Augustine, the "Medieval Aristotelians" Thomas Aquinas and Walter Burley, the "Medieval Voluntarists" Walter of Bruges and Henry of Ghent, and the "Medieval Syntheses" of Albert the Great and John Buridan.
This paper confronts a certain modern view of the relation between semantics and ontology with that of the late-medieval nominalist philosophers William Ockham and John Buridan.
After a brief sketch of the state of Buridan studies, this review article examines the recent study, by Benoit Patar, of a commentary on Aristotle's Physics that is generally attributed to Albert of Saxony, but which Patar believes to have been authored by John Buridan (the text is preserved in the manuscript Bruges, Stadsbibliotheek 477, fols.
Nevertheless, despite the intuitions of such contemporary philosophers, (1) John Buridan was not only a thoroughgoing nominalist, as is well known, but also a staunch defender of a strong essentialist doctrine against certain skeptics of his time.