Cassian, John

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Cassian, John

(kăsh`ən) (Johannes Cassianus), 360–435, an Eastern Christian monk and theologian who brought Eastern spirituality to the West. Cassian toured the ascetic monastic settlements of Egypt before he was driven from the East during the controversy over the theology of OrigenOrigen
, 185?–254?, Christian philosopher and scholar. His full name was Origines Adamantius, and he was born in Egypt, probably in Alexandria. When he was quite young, his father was martyred.
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. He settled at Marseilles (415) and established religious houses for men and for women. He was attacked for Semi-Pelagianism (see PelagianismPelagianism
, Christian heretical sect that rose in the 5th cent. challenging St. Augustine's conceptions of grace and predestination. The doctrine was advanced by the celebrated monk and theologian Pelagius (c.355–c.425). He was probably born in Britain.
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), but he was trusted in Rome. His Conferences, a record of his earlier experiences with famous abbots and ascetics in Egypt, and his Institutes, a treatise on monasticism, had a critical influence on Western monasticism, especially in matters of ascetic and mystical life. He wrote against Nestorianism.


See study by O. Chadwick (2d ed. 1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
Killheffer first summarizes the writings of two theologians who made the most influential contributions to the Christian understanding of this sin: John Cassian in the early fifth century and Gregory the Great in the late sixth century.
He describes the principles of late ancient sacred reading (lectio divina) in the writings of two founders of the discipline, John Cassian and Benedict of Nursia; how AugustineAEs idea of the self is a combination of elements from this discipline as well as his thinking about the creative imagination; the use of inner dialogue for seeking self-knowledge and ethical guidelines for life; the relationship between soul and self in two early works of Augustine (De Immortalitate Animae and De Quantitate Animae) and his reinterpretation of the Platonic notion of reminiscence as a type of literary memory; and the use of meditative and contemplative techniques in contemporary alternative medicine, which are based on Christian and non-Christian traditions.
s commentary probably will not persuade "those who consider John Cassian in the current and hackneyed manner" (Real Cassian 57).
of Thessaloniki) presents a sister volume to his A Newly Discovered Greek Father: Cassian the Sabaite eclipsed by John Cassian of Marseilles, published simultaneously in the same series.
In his book entitled Santa Caterina da Siena, dottrina e fonti, Alvaro Grion argues that John Cassian (360-433) and Jacopo Passavanti (1302-1357) were Catherine's primary models.
You can see the strategy already at work in John Cassian in the fifth century, particularly in his Tenth Conference, where he urges the continuous use of the prayer sentence from Psalm 70, "O Lord, come to my assistance, Oh God make speed to save me.
2) Norris has been an oblate in the Benedictine Order since 1986 and she brings to the foreground the accounts of acedia provided by the desert monks, especially Evagrius Ponticus (345-399) and John Cassian (360-435).
The "Seven Deadly Sins" were first developed by John Cassian in the 5th Century, and then refined by Pope Gregory a hundred years later.
The Moral Status of Anger: Thomas Aquinas and John Cassian, MICHAEL ROTA
In a short afterword, Brakke traces the ways in which John Cassian adapted Egyptian, especially Evagrian, demonology to the Western context.
The list was supposedly developed by a 6th century pope, Saint Gregory the Great, and another man who became a saint, John Cassian.
The given exemplars in the "Practices" section are Origen, Evagrius Ponticus, John Cassian, Gregory the Great, Hildegard of Bingen and Richard of St.