John Coltrane


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Coltrane, John

(kōltrān`, kōl`trān), 1926–67, American jazz musician, b. Hamlet, N.C. He began playing tenor saxophone as an adolescent. Coltrane worked with numerous big bands before emerging in the mid-1950s as a major stylist while playing as a sideman with Miles DavisDavis, Miles,
1926–91, American jazz musician, b. Alton, Ill. Rising to prominence with the birth of modern jazz in the mid-1940s, when he was a sideman in Charlie Parker's bop quintet, Davis became a dominant force in jazz trumpet.
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. Originally influenced by Lester YoungYoung, Lester Willis,
1909–59, American jazz musician, b. Woodville, Miss. He played the tenor saxophone with various bands (1929–40), including those of Fletcher Henderson and Count Basie, with whom he first recorded in 1936.
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, Coltrane displayed in his playing a dazzling technical brilliance combined with ardent emotion and eventually a kind of mysticism. His style, which was at once sonorous and spare, was influenced by the rhythms and tonal structure of African and Asian music. Coltrane made a number of influential recordings, among them the modal-jazz classics My Favorite Things (1961) and A Love Supreme (1964), and the later exemplars of free jazz, Ascension and Interstellar Space, his final album. From the late 1950s until his death he was considered the outstanding tenor and soprano saxophonist of the jazz avant-garde, and his music continues to be a strong source of inspiration to jazz and pop musicians.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Nisenson (1994) and L. Porter (1998); B. Ratliff, Coltrane: The Story of a Sound (2007); L. Brown, John Coltrane and Black America's Quest for Freedom (2010); discography by Y. Fujioka et al. (1995).

Coltrane, John (William)

(1926–67) jazz musician; born in Hamlet, N.C. Originally an alto saxophonist, he moved to Philadelphia after graduating from high school, where he had received his first formal training. He played with a local group in 1945, then spent part of his military service from 1945 to 1946 in a U.S. Navy band stationed in Hawaii. He studied woodwinds at the Granoff Studios and the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia during the late 1940s. Initially a disciple of Charlie Parker, he played alto and tenor saxophones in a succession of bands led by King Kolax, Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Bostic, and Johnny Hodges between 1947 and 1954. By 1955, when he joined Miles Davis's celebrated quintet, he was playing tenor saxophone exclusively and gaining recognition for his distinctive "sheets of sound" style. He left Davis in 1957, began a series of free-lance recordings under his own leadership, and played a formative engagement with Thelonious Monk at the Five Spot in New York for six months. After a period of permanent rehabilitation from drug and alcohol addiction, he rejoined Davis from 1958 to 1960 and was profoundly influenced by the trumpeter's experiments in modal improvisation. In May 1960, following the critical acclaim of his recording Giant Steps, he began leading his own quartet. Later that year, his recording My Favorite Things, featuring his first use of the soprano saxophone, was a major jazz hit. For the next five years, while his quartet maintained a continual touring schedule in the U.S.A. and Europe, his quest for musical self-renewal made him one of the most revered and controversial figures in jazz. He embraced the new generation of free jazz exponents, and his music gradually reflected his interest in Eastern music and philosophy on such recordings as Om, Ascension, and A Love Supreme. He also emerged as the most influential and widely imitated saxophonist in jazz, his intensely emotional attack and dense flow of notes becoming hallmarks of the next generation of saxophone players. He led a variety of ensembles during the last two years of his life, working only sporadically while suffering from the liver cancer that claimed him at age 41.
References in periodicals archive ?
As well as the aforementioned, the likes of Oscar Peterson, Duke Ellington, John Coltrane and Thelonious Monk were voted into the top 10, from a list of 50 shortlisted musicians drawn up by a panel of BBC jazz presenters, Jazz FM presenters, jazz musicians, critics, and journalists.
It will include this alternate version, taken from reels from the personal collection of John Coltrane and originally recorded in incredible sonic detail byRudy Van Gelder , along with revised notes and detailed information on these amazing lost sessions.
This book is critical history and first book-length treatment of the evolution, beliefs and practices of an extraordinary African-American church and community institution, the John Coltrane Church which began in 1965, when Franzo and Marina King attended a performance of the John Coltrane Quartet at San Francisco's Jazz Workshop and saw a vision of the Holy Ghost as Coltrane took the bandstand.
This film reveals how the duo overcame linguistic and financial difficulties to bring global attention to pioneering artists such as Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Herbie Hancock, Thelonius Monk and Art Blakey.
There's also artistic director Jawole Willa Jo Zollar's Hep Hep Sweet Sweet, which takes place in a fictional nightclub, and Walking with 'Trane, Chapter 2, her new tribute to jazz great John Coltrane, co-choreographed with Samantha Speis.
Three tunes have bird names as their titles - Starlings, Geese and Wrens - showing they come from a project Iyer did with novelist Teju Cole about birds in New York; there are also tunes by Monk, Billy Strayhdorn and John Coltrane.
This is the first paperback edition of an indispensable, almost day-by-day account of the professional life of the great saxophonist-composer-bandleader John Coltrane (originally published in hardcover in 2008).
Take a trip back to March 1963, when John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman released "You Are Too Beautiful" on the Impulse
John Coltrane Omnibook for Bflat Instruments (9781458422118, $19.
John Coltrane and the jazz revolution of the 1960s, 2d ed.
The recital, at pounds 5, will include songs by John Coltrane, George Gershwin, Herbie Hancock and Thelonius Monk.
JOHN COLTRANE towers in the jazz world; John Coltrane is "Trane.