Cotton, John

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Cotton, John,

1584–1652, Puritan clergyman in England and Massachusetts, b. Derbyshire, educated at Cambridge. Imbued with Puritan doctrines, he won many followers during his 20 years as vicar of the rich and influential parish of St. Botolph's Church, Boston, Lincolnshire. He was summoned to appear before the High Court of Commission (1632), but instead of appearing he resigned and fled. Some of his followers sailed (1633) with him to Massachusetts Bay, where the young city of Boston was so named primarily to honor him. He and John Winthrop were the leading figures of the colony, and Cotton was chiefly responsible for the exile of Anne HutchinsonHutchinson, Anne,
c.1591–1643, religious leader in New England, b. Anne Marbury in Lincolnshire, England. She emigrated (1634) with her husband and family to Massachusetts Bay, where her brilliant mind and her kindness won admiration and a following.
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, because of her antinomian doctrines, and for the expulsion of Roger WilliamsWilliams, Roger,
c.1603–1683, clergyman, advocate of religious freedom, founder of Rhode Island, b. London. A protégé of Sir Edward Coke, he graduated from Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1627 and took Anglican orders.
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. He was one of the molders of the Congregational Church, and his arguments in such treatises as The Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven (1644), The Way of the Churches of Christ in New England (1645), and The Way of the Congregational Churches Cleared (1648) were influential in his day. He was a firm believer in the right of the Congregational minister to dictate to the faithful, and thus he has been viewed as a strong upholder of theocracy. His Milk for Babes (1646) was a well-known catechism for children. His daughter was the wife of Increase MatherMather, Increase,
1639–1723, American Puritan clergyman, b. Dorchester, Mass.; son of Richard Mather. After graduation (1656) from Harvard, he studied at Trinity College, Dublin (M.A., 1658), and preached in England and Guernsey until the Restoration.
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 and the mother of Cotton MatherMather, Cotton
, 1663–1728, American Puritan clergyman and writer, b. Boston, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1678; M.A., 1681); son of Increase Mather and grandson of Richard Mather and of John Cotton.
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Bibliography

See biographies by L. Ziff (1962) and E. Emerson (1965).

Cotton, John

(1584–1652) Puritan clergyman, author; born in Derby, England. He arrived in Boston, Mass. (1633), and soon became the teacher of the Boston Church. He originally supported Anne Hutchinson, but he joined her persecutors when he discovered that he was alone in support of her. A tireless worker, he wrote Spiritual Milk for Babes (1646), a standard textbook for New England children, and numerous books and pamphlets including The Way of the Congregational Churches Cleared (1648). In later years he became hostile toward religious dissenters and favored the power of civil authorities over the individual.
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Birmingham City Council's Labour housing chief John Cotton has also warned that new right-to-buy rules will reduce the stock of affordable homes even more and reduce investment in new housing.
IT'S the biggest occasion in the horse racing calendar - and one that veteran businessman John Cotton wouldn't miss for the world.
Guests of honour will be Bob Love, Bronze medal winner in the 2014 Commonwealth Games, and Coun John Cotton, Birmingham City Council's cabinet member for health and wellbeing.
April 5 is the date for the next John Cotton Classics Reunion at The Garage, on Greenland Street.
Her local councillor John Cotton, an opponent of the tax said: "I urge her to accept Discretionary Housing Payments support.
She leaves two grandchildren, John Cotton and Jennifer Buffington, both of New Jersey; 7 great-grandchildren; one great-great-grandchild; many nephews and nieces.
One of the Labour administration's new titles belongs to Coun John Cotton, who as cabinet member for social cohesion and equalities has been handed the Herculean task of closing the inequality gap in Birmimngham.
Bursary recipients were Tannys Bozdech (Pelican Lake), John Cotton (Blood), Ember Crane and Tiffany Johnson (Samson), Chennae Lapatak (Saddle Lake), Jason Delorme (Aseniwuche Winewak Nation), and Sahra Deagle (Metis Nation of Alberta).
Ridden by Christophe Soumillon for British owner John Cotton, the grey son of Verglas quickened to lead inside the final furlong to beat Le Havre by two lengths.
Eve LaPlante offers a very detailed journey back to the 17th century and places the reader in the midst of the life experiences of Anne Hutchinson, John Cotton, who would become the grandfather of the infamous Puritan minister Cotton Mather, and John Winthrop, the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the United States.
Gordis's next three chapters are careful studies of the different expressive ways in which the ministers John Cotton, Thomas Shepard, and Thomas Hooker "opened" Scripture.
As expected, Gaustad focuses briefly upon Williams's ongoing debate with Puritan leader John Cotton, with special attention to Williams's The Bloudy Tenent, and discusses his similarities to John Locke.