John Fiske

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Fiske, John


Born Mar. 30, 1842, in Hartford, Conn.; died July 4, 1901, in Gloucester, Mass. American historian and philosopher.

Fiske was significantly influenced by H. Spencer. In his historical studies he made use of a comparative method to examine political institutions, ignoring the socioeconomic conditions that gave rise to them and attributing the similar traits of various political systems over the course of history to racial community. Fiske preached the racial superiority of the Aryans and the inevitability of the spread of Anglo-Saxon political institutions throughout the world. He traced the development of the US bourgeois political system to the growth of Teutonic ideas and to the growth of the federal and local governments. In his works devoted to the colonial period in American history and to the American Revolution, Fiske attributed the cause of the war to the political shortsightedness of the British government.


The Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy, vols. 1–4. Boston, 1903.
The Beginnings of New England. Boston–New York, 1930.
American Political Ideas Viewed From the Standpoint of Universal History. Boston–New York [1917].
The War of Independence. Boston, 1917.
The Critical Period of American History, 1783–1789. Boston–New York, 1898.


Dement’ev, I. P. “Istoricheskie vzgliady Dzh. Fiske.” In the collection Istoriia i istoriki, 1971. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
The 1970s to the mid-1990s was a rich period for 'post-Barthian' critical approaches to advertising, as authors like Judith Williamson, John Fiske, Jib Fowles, Robert Goldman and Stephen Papson, and Sut Jhally, working within new cultural studies frameworks, developed historical and analytical approaches to advertising as more than mere lubricant in the wheels of capitalism.
In particular, she spent much of the summer reading the works of American philosopher John Fiske, whose son was the proprietor of the Nichewaug, as well as a history of architecture.
One of the most important theorists of communication, John Fiske, wrote in his famous study Introduction to Communication Studies "communication is a central dimension of our cultural life; without it, any kind of culture dies.
Populists on the left, like John Fiske (1989), tend to agree with Twitchell that people express genuine desires through the marketplace.
For example, Harris took inspiration from a popular author, John Fiske, who used the theory of evolution to advance the view that schools could promote a good society.
Survivors include three children: James, Jean (Rashkin), and Don; two brothers: John Fiske and Sam Fiske; two sisters Elizabeth Pittman and Gail Pool; seven grandchildren, seven great-grandchildren and many nieces and nephews.
2) John Fiske, Television Culture, Routledge, 1987.
La primera parte del libro que incluye articulos de Joli Jenson, John Fiske y Lawrence Grossberg, esta destinada a definir lo que es un fan.
The debut novel of John Fiske, The Library Book is a work of historical fiction set in New York's Gilded Age.
The first chapter of the volume, "For Cultural Interpretation: A Study of the Culture of Homelessness" by John Fiske, was originally published in 1991.
In the debate over whether television viewers are passive consumers or active participants in creating cultural meaning from the "texts" available, Kammen aligns himself with those who stress passivity, and thoughtfully criticizes John Fiske and others who find a greater degree of agency.
Smith maps the new American cultural sociology via an interesting comparison of the aims and methods of this approach with those of European cultural theory (represented by thinkers such as Levi-Strauss, Foucault, Lacan, Derrida, Douglas and Bourdieu) and British cultural studies (linked to authors such as Stuart Hall, John Fiske and Lawrence Grossberg).